"The Sorrows of Young Werther" is written by and based on a biographical event of one of the greatest minds of all time. Review of the recording with Georges Thill as Werther (EMI CHS 7 63195 2). Als Werther-Effekt wird in der Medienwirkungsforschung, Sozialpsychologie und Soziologie die Annahme bezeichnet, dass ein kausaler Zusammenhang zwischen Suiziden, über die in den Medien ausführlich berichtet wurde, und einer Erhöhung der Suizidrate in der Bevölkerung besteht. Albert returns unexpectedly after a six-month trip. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. They embrace for a moment, but she quickly bids him farewell. Sophie comes in and tries to cheer up her older sister ("Ah! Werther is still regularly performed around the world and has been recorded many times. Nỗi đau của chàng Werther (tiếng Đức: Die Leiden des jungen Werther) là tiểu thuyết thể thư tín của văn hào Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 tháng 8 năm 1749 – 22 tháng 3 năm 1832), nảy sinh trong phong trào "Bão táp và xung kích" (Sturm und Drang) ở Thời kỳ … The Sorrows of Young Werther was impactful in ushering in the romantic age of literature--though Goethe nearly killed it off before it began. It was the first novel of the Sturm und Drang movement. This article related to a poem from the UK is a stub. Werther was an important novel of the Sturm und Drang period in German literature, and it also influenced the later Romantic literary movement. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of The Sorrows of Young Werther. [1], Werther entered the repertoire at the Opéra-Comique in 1903 in a production supervised by Albert Carré,[1] and over the next half-century the opera was performed over 1,100 times there, Léon Beyle becoming a distinguished interpreter of Werther.[3]. 2 cornets in B-flat and A, For the template on this page, that currently evaluates to autocollapse. [1], The French-language premiere followed in Geneva on 27 December 1892. She consoles him by declaring her love. Unfortunately, the transfer is over filtered. Outside children are heard singing the Christmas carol. Complete and unabridged edition. Nỗi đau của chàng Werther (tiếng Đức: Die Leiden des jungen Werther) là tiểu thuyết thể thư tín của văn hào Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 tháng 8 năm 1749 – 22 tháng 3 năm 1832), nảy sinh trong phong trào "Bão táp và xung kích" (Sturm und Drang) ở Thời kỳ … The novel was perfectly timed, capturing the European imagination with its portrayal of a dangerously sensitive youth driven to suicide. Ein Jahr später kam in London eine englische unter dem Titel The Sorrows of Gustavus, or the History of a Young Swede in Anspielung auf Goethes Werther heraus. Assisted suicide is when one individual helps another bring about their own death indirectly via providing either advice or the means to the end. Sorrows of Werther "Sorrows of Werther" is a satirical poem by William Makepeace Thackeray written in response to the enormous success of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 's novel The Sorrows of Young Werther. Die Leiden des jungen Werthers; Besplatna e-knjiga: The Sorrows of Young Werther na Projektu Gutenberg GradeSaver study guide: The Sorrows of Young Werther Free Audiobook (in German) from LibriVox The Sorrows Of Young Werther "Werther: Gefühle bleiben aktuell" (German article, sbznet.de) The-Sorrows-of-Young-Werther.com (personalised e-mail edition sending Werther's letters to your … In his later life, Goethe—a celebrity among intellectuals—overcame this. ‎The Sorrows of Young Werther (German, Die Leiden des jungen Werther, originally published as Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is an epistolary and loosely autobiographical novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, first published in 1774. After he dies, Charlotte faints. In July, the widowed Bailiff (a Magistrate, rather than one who comes to seize property), is teaching his six youngest children a Christmas carol ("Noël! Attempted suicide or non-fatal suicidal behavior is self-injury with at least some desire to end one's life that does not result in death. Plot Summary: The majority of … The Sorrows of Young Werther (German: Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is an epistolary and loosely autobiographical novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, first published in 1774; a revised edition of the novel was published in 1787. Five cups with scenes from 'The Sorrows of Young Werther', Konigliche Porzellanmanufaktur, Berlin, 1847-1849, porcelain - Germanisches Nationalmuseum - Nuremberg, Germany - DSC03464.jpg 5,472 × 2,372; 5.32 MB. The Sorrows of Young Werther Drama on 3 Joel MacCormack, Jack Farthing and Daisy Edgar-Jones star in Goethe's story of a young artist at odds with society and his turbulent love affair. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s The Sorrows of Young Werther is the embodiment of the Sturm und Drang literary movement that swept through Europe. When Charlotte exits the church, he speaks to her of their first meeting. The Sorrows of Young Werther has been listed as a level-5 vital article in Arts. Some admirers of the story were triggered into copycat suicide, known as the "Werther effect" The media, including the Internet, plays an important role. He leaves with thoughts of suicide. The Sorrows of Young Werther (German: Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is a loosely autobiographical epistolary novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, first published in 1774. Like Werther, the younger Goethe who experienced the love triangle that inspired The Sorrows of Young Werther lacked the good sense to befriend the woman who spurned his love but wanted his companionship. It is loosely based on the German epistolary novel The Sorrows of Young Werther by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, which was based both on fact and on Goethe's own early life. He encounters Sophie but the tearful girl does not understand his distressing behavior. The Sorrows of Young Werther Quiz 1 1 Before writing The Sorrows of Young Werther, Goethe: Traveled to Italy and wrote a memoir of the experience Wrote a tragedy based on the life of Götz von Berlichingen [Johann Wolfgang von Goethe; David Constantine] -- I have so much and my feeling for her devours everything, I have so much and without her everything is nothing. Since her fiancé Albert is away, she is to be escorted by Werther, whom the Bailiff and his companions find gloomy. In the first scene, Stephen reads Sorrows of Young Werther.He meets a bum on the street while trying to hail a taxi, and the bum turns out to be Howard Fishbein, who he knew in high school. It was one of the most important novels in the Sturm und Drang period in German literature, and influenced the later Romantic movement. She eventually rejects Werther, who … The Sorrows of Young Werther, novel by J.W. To set this template's initial visibility, the |state= parameter may be used: If the |state= parameter in the template on this page is not set, the template's initial visibility is taken from the |default= parameter in the Collapsible option template. Werther reached the height of popularity and inspired many young people, even leading them to dress like him. The Sorrows of Young Werther is an autobiographical novel which is loosely based on the life of its author, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Loosely based on Goethe’s life, The Sorrows of Young Werther follows the melancholic experience and unfortunate events of Werther as he moves from place to place, experiencing the sorrows of life. The Sorrows of Young Werther (German: Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is a loosely autobiographical epistolary novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, first published in 1774. 4 horns in F, Sorrows of Stephen is a play by Peter Parnell, and was originally published in 1980.The original production was at the New York Shakespeare Festival.. Synopsis. From Werther's interactions with him, we can take Wilhelm to be a sober, sensible fellow - much like Albert - who is nevertheless sensitive to Werther's own … The Sorrows of Young Werther (Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is a 1774 novel (revised in 1787) by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe about an emotional young man named Werther who falls madly in love with an young woman named Lotte, who is engaged to someone else. [1], Massenet started composing Werther in 1885, completing it in 1887. About Wikipedia; Disclaimers; Search. "[7] Alan Blyth, while giving a very positive review of the reissue of the recording with Albert Lance as Werther and Rita Gorr as Charlotte in 2004, nevertheless pointed out that "neither quite has the ideal subtlety of the best Massenet singers, such as Vallin and Thill on the classic, pre-war set, now on Naxos".[8]. Initial visibility: currently defaults to autocollapse To set this template's initial visibility, the |state= parameter may be used: |state=collapsed: {{The Sorrows of Young Werther|state=collapsed}} to show the template collapsed, i.e., hidden apart from its title bar |state=expanded: {{The Sorrows of Young Werther|state=expanded}} to show the template expanded, i.e., fully visible Qui m'aurait dit ... Ces lettres! His depictions … In his later life, Goethe—a celebrity among intellectuals—overcame this. Werther's chief correspondent, and the addressee of nearly all of the letters that make up The Sorrows of Young Werther. Suicide, from Latin suicidium, is "the act of taking one's own life". The Sorrows of Young Werther, a novel that consists almost entirely of letters written by Werther to his friend Wilhelm, begins with the title character in a jubilant mood after having just escaped from a sticky romantic situation with a woman named Leonora. "), wondering how the young poet is and how she had the strength to send him away. The novel was perfectly timed, capturing the European imagination with its portrayal of a dangerously sensitive youth driven to suicide. There are no other changes to the words, to the lines for other characters, or to the orchestration. “The Sorrows of Young Werther” constitutes, much like the title already aptly connotes, the pains of a young man named Werther, as he personally recounts the perennial tragedy of unrequited love, through a series of letters addressed to his friend Wilhelm. Orriaren azken aldaketa: 27 … The Sorrows of Young Werther is an epistolary, specifically a collection of letters, penned by prolific German author Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. His drinking companions, Johann and Schmidt, arrive as Charlotte, the eldest daughter, dresses for a ball. ‎The Sorrows of Young Werther (German, Die Leiden des jungen Werther, originally published as Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is an epistolary and loosely autobiographical novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, first published in 1774. Examples of this include poems such as “Lotte by Werther’s Grave” by Karl von Reitzenstein, so popular in Goethe’s day that crowds would gather to hear it read. timpani, This article related to a poem from the UK is a stub. 2 oboes (doubling English horns), The sorrows of young Werther. In the letters, Werther writes to his friend Wilhelm. Suferințele tânărului Werther (Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) este un roman cu cheie romantic de Johann Wolfgang von Goethe apărut în 1774. It was an immediate success and launched an entire literary genre, Sturm und Drang (Storm and Stress), as well as the career of the modern West's first literary celebrity, Goethe. In Goethe's The Sorrows of Young Werther, the title character kills himself due to a love triangle involving Charlotte (pictured at his grave). After the servant has taken them, Charlotte has a terrible premonition and hurries to find Werther. Werther ’s emotions come upon him like a storm, as though they are something larger than him, and something he is incapable of controlling. It was one of the most important novels in the Sturm und Drang period in German literature, and influenced the later Romantic movement. In the first scene, Stephen reads Sorrows of Young Werther.He meets a bum on the street while trying to hail a taxi, and the bum turns out to be Howard Fishbein, who he knew in high school. Happily, Naxos offers the same recording expertly transferred by Ward Marston, and acquiring it is a must. "), he realizes that she does indeed return his love. A revised edition followed in 1787. The Sorrows of Young Werther (Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is an epistolary and loosely autobiographical novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, first published in 1774; a revised edition of the novel was published in 1787. Eduki guztia CC BY-SA 3.0(r)en babespean dago, ez bada kontrakoa esaten. This article has been rated as C-Class. [1] With the disruption of the fire at the Opéra-Comique and Massenet's work on other operatic projects (especially Esclarmonde), it was put to one side, until the Vienna Opera, pleased with the success of Manon, asked the composer for a new work. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. His declaration of love is interrupted by the announcement of Albert's return. It is three months later, and Charlotte and Albert are now married. Charlotte is at home alone on Christmas Eve. The Sorrows of Young Werther, a novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe that the opera Werther is loosely based on Werther (1986 film) , a Spanish film based on the novel Werther (1927 film) , a Czech film The Sorrows of Young Werther (Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is a 1774 novel (revised in 1787) by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe about an emotional young man named Werther who falls madly in love with an young woman named Lotte, who is engaged to someone else. The story follows the life and sorrows of Werther after he falls de… Begriffsherkunft. Young Goethe in Love (originally titled Goethe!) An orchestral intermezzo ("La nuit de Noël") leads without a break into the final Act. Charlotte begs Werther to leave her, though she indicates that she would be willing to receive him again on Christmas Day. alto saxophone, In jail, Goethe turns these events into a story he calls The Sorrows of Young Werther and sends the manuscript to Lotte as a farewell gift. The most important of Goethe's works produced before he went to Weimar were Götz von Berlichingen (1773), a tragedy that was the first work to bring him recognition, and the novel The Sorrows of Young Werther (German: Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) (1774), which gained him enormous fame as a writer in the Sturm und Drang period which marked the early phase of Romanticism. They walk happily to church to celebrate the minister's 50th wedding anniversary, followed by the disconsolate Werther ("Un autre est son époux!"). Charlotte recalls how she promised her dying mother she would marry Albert. The story follows the life and sorrows of Werther after he falls de… The novel was the foundation on which the German Sturm und Dang (storm and urge) literary style was launched, … Werther was an important novel of the Sturm und Drang period in German literature, and influenced the later Romantic literary movement. Template talk:The Sorrows of Young Werther. She sees its qualities and, without telling him, takes it to a publisher. This article is about the opera by Massenet. This category has only the following subcategory. A revised edition followed in 1787. Werther was an important novel of the Sturm und Drang period in German literature, and influenced the later Romantic literary movement. The-Sorrows-of-Young-Werther.com (personalised e-mail edition sending Werther's letters to your mailbox) Datuak: Q151883 Multimedia: Die Leiden des jungen Werthers Werther contemplates suicide ("Lorsque l'enfant revient d'un voyage"). The Sorrows of Young Werther (German: Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is an epistolary and loosely autobiographical novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, first published in 1774; a revised edition of the novel was published in 1787. Werther is an opera (drame lyrique) in four acts by Jules Massenet to a French libretto by Édouard Blau, Paul Milliet and Georges Hartmann (who used the pseudonym Henri Grémont). The Sorrows of Young Werther literature essays are academic essays for citation. The Sorrows of Young Werther (Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is an epistolary and loosely autobiographical novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, first published in 1774; a revised edition of the novel was published in 1787. He submitted it to Léon Carvalho, the director of the Paris Opéra-Comique, that year, but Carvalho declined to accept it on the grounds that the scenario was too serious. One of the most famous - and infamous - works in the history of literature, The Sorrows of Young Werther was Goethe's first work of narrative art, published in 1774. The Sorrows of Young Werther literature essays are academic essays for citation. ; The Sorrows of Young Werther (German: Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is a 1774 novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.Goethe's first major success, it turned him into a celebrity practically overnight, kicking off Werther fever, in which young men throughout Europe would dress in Werther's signature yellow pants and blue jacket. Werther and Lotte, from The Sorrows of Young Werther. After an orchestral interlude, Werther and Charlotte return very late; he is already enamoured of her. 2 clarinets in B-flat and A, ‘Werther's Leiden,’ Goethe's first novel, was written in Frankfort in 1774, during the so-called storm and stress period. Werther and Lotte, from The Sorrows of Young Werther A copycat suicide is defined as an emulation of another suicide that the person attempting suicide knows about either from local knowledge or due to accounts or depictions of the original suicide on television and in other media. The high frequencies are lost, giving the performance an unwarranted flatness. Werther is in despair. The result of this combination of actualities was a milestone in German literature. Last edited on 10 April 2020, at 14:05. A well-regarded recording of the complete opera was made in January 1931 by French Columbia with a French cast and the orchestra and chorus of the Opéra-Comique under the direction of Élie Cohen. He befriended many women, and considered those bonds among the most formative to his thought. 2 flutes (2nd doubling piccolo), These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of The Sorrows of Young Werther. sister projects: Wikipedia article. 3 trombones, SORROWS OF YOUNG WERTHER, The (‘Die Leiden des jungen Werthers’). For other uses, see, Charlotte in act 3, sung by Jeanette Ekornåsvåg. The Sorrows of Young Werther Johann Wolfgang von GOETHE, translated by R. Dillon BOYLAN ( - ) The Sorrows of Young Werther (German, Die Leiden des jungen Werther… laisse couler mes larmes"). 2 bassoons, [2] The first performance in France was given by the Opéra-Comique at the Théâtre Lyrique on the Place du Châtelet in Paris on 16 January 1893, with Marie Delna as Charlotte and Guillaume Ibos in the title role, conducted by Jules Danbé, but was not immediately successful. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:The_Sorrows_of_Young_Werther&oldid=983995954, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, shows the template collapsed to the title bar if there is a, shows the template in its expanded state if there are no other collapsible items on the page, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 14:54. Get this from a library! First Albert and then Sophie ("Du gai soleil, plein de flamme") try to cheer him up. She spends time rereading the letters that she has received from Werther ("Werther! The book is about adolescence; the stage in life where we feel it would be better to be dead than to be without that one (and only) person whom we think will make our life complete. Goethe Museum (Schloss Jägerhof) mit Faksimile "Die Leiden des jungen Werthers" an der Malkastenstraße, April 2018.jpg 3,533 × 2,570; 6.98 … Suddenly Werther appears, and while he reads to her some poetry of Ossian ("Pourquoi me réveiller? He is unsure of Charlotte's intentions and disappointed not to find her at home, but is reassured and consoled by Charlotte's younger sister Sophie. Initial visibility: currently defaults to autocollapse To set this template's initial visibility, the |state= parameter may be used: |state=collapsed: {{The Sorrows of Young Werther|state=collapsed}} to show the template collapsed, i.e., hidden apart from its title bar |state=expanded: {{The Sorrows of Young Werther|state=expanded}} to show the template expanded, i.e., fully visible [6] His colleague, James Camner, reviewing the Opera d'Oro reissue in 2003, called it "one of the treasures of recorded opera. The Sorrows of Young Werther, a novel that consists almost entirely of letters written by Werther to his friend Wilhelm, begins with the title character in a jubilant mood after having just escaped from a sticky romantic situation with a woman named Leonora.Werther has settled in a rural town, determined to spend some time painting, sketching, and taking excursions around the countryside. He leaves after promising to return in the morning. Camner, James (July/August 2003). The Sorrows of Young Werther inspired a great deal of what would today be called fan-fiction: writing that makes use of existing characters and stories in new, inventive ways. If you can improve it, please do. A copycat suicide is defined as an emulation of another suicide that the person attempting suicide knows about either from local knowledge or due to accounts or depictions of the original suicide on television and in other media. It was published in the 1770s, and with its dark quixotic themes, it became a major influence to the later Romantic era. In Leipzig gab der Verleger Johann Conrad Hinrichs den Roman in einer Übersetzung, die sich sehr eng an das französische Original anlehnt, mit dem Untertitel Ein Gegenstück zur Delphine in zwei Bänden heraus. The young and rebellious Werther is passionately, but hopelessly, in love with Lotte. Review of the recording with Georges Thill as Werther (OPERA D'ORO OD 1366). The Sorrows of Young Werther (German, Die Leiden des jungen Werther, originally published as Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is an epistolary and loosely autobiographical novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, first published in 1774. As to Werther’s suicide, we may confidently assume that Goethe had entertained thoughts of ending his life at times when overmastering emotion resulted in feelings of frustration and defeat. Initial visibility: currently defaults to autocollapse. von Goethe, published in German as Die Leiden des jungen Werthers in 1774. Language; Watch; Edit; There are no discussions on this page. The Sorrows of Young Werther (German: Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is a loosely autobiographical epistolary novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, first published in 1774.A revised edition followed in 1787. Werther's chief correspondent, and the addressee of nearly all of the letters that make up The Sorrows of Young Werther. Written in a literary period known as “storm and stress,” the presence of literal and emotional storms in The Sorrows of Young Werther stands out. He asks for forgiveness. It is loosely based on the German epistolary novel The Sorrows of Young Werther by Johann … Language; Watch; Edit; Wikimedia Commons has media related to Die Leiden des jungen Werthers: Subcategories. Albert returns home to find his wife distraught. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of The Sorrows of Young Werther. Although he knows that she is married to somebody who can offer her a secure future, Werther tries to be near her. tuba, Category:The Sorrows of Young Werther. harp, Werther received its premiere on 16 February 1892 (in a German version translated by Max Kalbeck) at the Imperial Theatre Hofoper in Vienna. Fogel, Henry (September/October 1992). The novel is the story of a sensitive, artistic young man who demonstrates the fatal effects of a predilection for The Sorrows of Young Werther The Sorrows of Young Werther (German: Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is an epistolary and loosely autobiographical novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, first published in 1774; a revised edition of the novel was published in 1787. This publication is a classic originally published in the late 18th century thaty made Goethe one of the first major literary celebrities and was a key novel from the German literature movement known as Sturm and Drang. The short epistolary novel, Die Leiden des jungen Werthers, or The Sorrows of Young Werther, published in 1774, recounts an unhappy romantic infatuation that ends in suicide. percussion (1) (bass drum, triangle), It was one of the most important novels in the Sturm und Drang period in German literature, and influenced the later Romantic movement. Este una dintre operele reprezentative ale mișcării literare Sturm und Drang Sumar. The Sorrows of Young Werther received a peer review by Wikipedia editors, which is now archived. Werther arrives ("O Nature, pleine de grâce"), and watches as Charlotte prepares her young siblings' supper, just as her mother had before she died. The main article for this category is The Sorrows of Young Werther. Performance, both conductor and singers, are reviewed quite favorably by Matthew Gurewitsch in, Orchestra and Chorus of the Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française, Orchestra e Coro del Teatro Massimo di Palermo, Orchestre National du Capitole de Toulouse, Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Werther page at the French Art Lyrique webpage, International Music Score Library Project, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Werther&oldid=997018670, Operas based on works by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Works based on The Sorrows of Young Werther, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Children of the Bailli – Fritz, Max, Hans, Karl, Gretel, Clara, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 17:05. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Die Leiden des jungen Werthers. Sorrows of Stephen is a play by Peter Parnell, and was originally published in 1980.The original production was at the New York Shakespeare Festival.. Synopsis. le rire est béni"), though Charlotte is not to be consoled ("Va! He greets her and they leave for the ball. Werther was an important novel of the Sturm und Drang period in German literature, and influenced the later Romantic literary movement. It is very occasionally performed in this version, in which the changes affect only the vocal line for the title character. From Werther's interactions with him, we can take Wilhelm to be a sober, sensible fellow - much like Albert - who is nevertheless sensitive to Werther's own more tumultuous character and a true friend. GradeSaver study guide: The Sorrows of Young Werther; Doako Audio-liburua (alemanieraz) from LibriVox; The-Sorrows-of-Young-Werther.com (personalised e-mail edition sending Werther's letters to your mailbox) Datuak: Q151883 Multimedia: Azken aldaketa 27 azaroa 2019(e)an, 13:03(e)tan. Lotte cannot decide between these two men. strings. The novel was a sensation in its time - th… The Sorrows of Young Werther (German, Die Leiden des jungen Werther, originally published as Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) is an epistolary and loosely autobiographical novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, first published in 1774. Albert now realizes that Werther loves Charlotte. Werther, with the temperament of a romantic, always chooses his heart over his head. In addition, many of the greatest French and Italian singers of the past century or more have recorded individual arias from Massenet's masterwork. Goethe 1774.JPG 2,948 × 2,332; 1.18 MB. Earlier examples of operas using the story were made by Kreutzer (1792) and Pucitta (1802). Although the role of Werther was written for a tenor, Massenet adjusted it for a baritone, when Mattia Battistini sang it in Saint Petersburg in 1902. Werther was an important novel of the Sturm und Drang period in German literature, and influenced the later Romantic literary movement. Henry Fogel of Fanfare magazine, writing in 1992, counted 14 complete recordings and considered it the finest of the lot. [4] The UK premiere was a one-off performance at Covent Garden, London, on 11 June 1894[2] with Emma Eames as Charlotte, Sigrid Arnoldson as Sophie, and Jean de Reszke in the title role.

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