The works of De Stijl would influence the Bauhaus style and the international style of architecture as well as clothing and interior design. ", "The three principal colors are essentially yellow, blue, and red. In 1917 the cooperation of these artists, together with the poet Antony Kok, resulted in the founding of De Stijl. De Stijl artists believed that beauty arose from pure abstraction, and an asymmetrical balance of elements in a severely "economical" composition. Other important participants were Gerrit Rietveld and PietMondrian. All Rights Reserved, Towards Universality: Le Corbusier, Mies and De Stijl, Principes fondamentaux de l'art nÃ©o-plastique (French Edition), Piet Mondrian: Catalogue RaisonnÃ© (Vol 1), Van Doesburg & the International Avant-Garde: Constructing a New World, Theo van Doesburg's complete works, available through Wiki Commons, Theo van Doesburg's Arithmetic Composition chart, Mondrian and De Stijl at the Pompidou Centre, Paris - review, De Stijl' movement: squares, lines... and barking like dogs, Art View; De Stijl is Surveyed in an Extraordinary Exhibition; Minneapolis, Minneapolis Institute of Arts curator David Ryan discusses De Stijl works from the collection, Minneapolis Institute of Arts curator David Ryan discusses the work of Gerrit Rietveld, "De Stijl" is title of the 2000 album by the band The White Stripes. Suprematism, the invention of Russian artist Kazimir Malevich, was one of the earliest and most radical developments in abstract art. Translated as ‘The Style’, this movement is officially founded in Amsterdam in 1917. The name Nieuwe Beelding was a term first coined in 1917 by Mondrian, who wrote a series of twelve articles called De Nieuwe Beelding in de schilderkunst ("Neo-Plasticism in Painting") that were published in the journal De Stijl. Between 1913 and 1916, he composed his Proeven van Stijlkunst ("Experiments in Artistic Style"), inspired mainly by Mondrian's paintings. Doesburg published a journal called De Stijl, presenting the movement’s new objective aesthetics and theories between 1917 and 1932. The work and the philosophy it expressed became canonical to de Stijl. At its height De Stijl had 100 members and the journal had a circulation of 300.. Like many other avant-garde art movements at the time, DeStijl was a reaction against the horrors of World War I. The name De Stijl is supposedly derived from Gottfried Semper's Der Stil in den technischen und tektonischen Künsten oder Praktische Ästhetik (1861–3), which Curl suggests was mistakenly believed to advocate materialism and functionalism. With these constraints, his art allows only primary colours and non-colours, only squares and rectangles, only straight and horizontal or vertical lines. De Stijl (Dutch; pronounced 'duh-shtile'; literally the style in English) was an art movement in the 1920s.The movement is also known as neoplasticism — the new plastic art.. For example, Mondrian and Rietveld never met in person. De Stijl, when it started, stated that its goal was “the organic combination of architecture, sculpture and painting in a lucid, elemental, unsentimental construction.” A manifesto of 9 points was formulated in 1918: There is an old and a new consciousness of time. Van Doesburg also knew J. J. P. Oud and the Hungarian artist Vilmos Huszár. Van Doesburg's most famous work experimented with geometric abstraction and archetypal forms. De Stijl (/də ˈstaɪl/; Dutch pronunciation: [də ˈstɛil]), Dutch for "The Style", also known as neoplasticism, was a Dutch artistic movement founded in 1917 in Amsterdam.De Stijl definition 1917- 1931 De Stijl is an art movement that was devoted to simple forms and complete abstraction. De Stijl , Dutch for "The Style", also known as Neoplasticism, was a Dutch art movement founded in 1917 in Leiden. Thefounder of the publication and leader of the group was Theo van Doesburg, anarchitect. [Internet]. Theo van Doesburg died in Davos, Switzerland, in 1931. In a narrower sense, the term De Stijl is used to refer to a body of work from 1917 to 1931 founded in the Netherlands. De Stijl means style in Dutch. The work's suggestion of a human figure - accomplished by the arrangement of geometric forms and placement of a cube at the top, possibly representing a head - is also unique in De Stijl art. Mondrian left De Stijl when Van Doesburg began using diagonal geometry. In 1924 Mondrian broke with the group after van Doesburg proposed the theory of elementarism, suggesting that a diagonal line is more vital than horizontal and vertical ones. These influences were mainly Malevich and Russian Constructivism, to which not all members agreed. Accomplishments . Dadaist influences, such as I. K. Bonset's poetry and Aldo Camini's "antiphilosophy" generated controversy as well. February 9, 2010, By Paul Levy / ", Theo van Doesburg, from his 1918 manifesto. Manifestos were being published, signed by all members. However, because the Netherlands remained neutral in World War I, Dutch artists were not able to leave the country after 1914 and were thus effectively isolated from the international art world—and in particular, from Paris, which was its centre then. De Stijl. Oud can be found in Rotterdam (Café De Unie [nl]) and Hoek van Holland. To prep culturally curious travellers, we’ve put together the following list of interesting facts associated with De Stijl. It was an important influence on Constructivism. De Stijl in Dutch simply means "the style". Neoplasticism (in Dutch Nieuwe Beelding - the new plastic art) is an art theory that arose in 1917 around the De Stijl journal. Articulated by Mondrian in 1917-18, the approach stipulates the strict use of only horizontal and vertical lines and the primary colors red, yellow, and blue. He writes, "this new plastic idea will ignore the particulars of appearance, that is to say, natural form and colour. To this end, De Stijl artists turned their attention not only to fine art media such as painting and sculpture, but virtually all other art forms as well, including industrial design, typography, even literature and music. And so Mondrian’s concept of Neoplasticism, meant, in essence ‘the new art’. Other examples include the Eames House by Charles and Ray Eames, and the interior decoration for the Aubette dance hall in Strasbourg, designed by Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Jean Arp and van Doesburg. De Stijl translates from Dutch as "The Style". Viewing art as a means of social and spiritual redemption, the members of De Stijl embraced a utopian vision of art and its transformative potential. An art movement advocating pure abstraction and simplicity– form reduced to the rectangle and other geometric shapes, and colour to the primary colours, along with black and white. In the early 20th century, visual arts were commonly referred to as ‘plastic arts’ — a term simply meant to distinguish visual art from writing, music and theater. The philosophy was based on functionalism, with a severe and d… The visual language of the De Stijl artists consisted of geometric forms which … These also suggest some accessible resources for further research, especially ones that can be found and purchased via the internet. Many sourced quotes and facts of De Stijl artists in: This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 07:28. Rietveld, for instance, continued designing furniture according to De Stijl principles, while Mondrian continued working in the style he had initiated around 1920. Every color, line, and plane is clearly defined, as if each comprised its own work that just happened to be used for a piece of furniture. His wife, Nelly, administered his estate. The members knew each other, but most communication took place by letter. Oud. This minimalistic—and, at the time, revolutionary—music defined "horizontal" and "vertical" musical elements and aimed at balancing those two principles. De Stijl, (Dutch: “The Style”) group of Dutch artists in Amsterdam in 1917, including the painters Piet Mondrian, Theo van Doesburg, and Vilmos Huszár, the architect Jacobus Johannes Pieter Oud, and the poet A. Kok; other early associates of De Stijl were Bart van der Leck, Georges Vantongerloo, Jan Wils, and Robert van’t Hoff. He first met Piet Mondrian at an exhibition in Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam. De Stijl is also the name of a journal that was published by the Dutch painter, designer, writer, and critic Theo van Doesburg that served to propagate the group's theories. Composition A - whose title announces its nonobjective nature by making no reference to anything beyond itself - is a good example of Mondrian's geometric abstraction before it fully matured within the framework of the De Stijl aesthetic. The Guardian (UK) / Around 1921, the group's character started to change. Only after Van Doesburg's death was it revealed that Bonset and Camini were two of his pseudonyms.  In a narrower sense, the term De Stijl is used to refer to a body of work from 1917 to 1931 founded in the Netherlands. Because of van Doesburg's pivotal role within De Stijl, the group did not survive. While here Mondrian uses blacks and shades of grey, his paintings would later be further reduced, ultimately employing more basic compositions and only solid blocks of primary colors. The young architect Gerrit Rietveld joined the group in 1918. In many of the group's three-dimensional works, vertical and horizontal lines are positioned in layers or planes that do not intersect, thereby allowing each element to exist independently and unobstructed by other elements. De Stijl is Dutch for "The Style" and is also known as neoplasticism, The artistic movement was actually founded in 1917, 'De Stijl' was made up of many members and influences, however probably the most prominent was Theo Van Doesburg who was actually the 'ambassador' of the movement, promoting it across Europe. 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