Thia Badhia – depiction of the temple of Jagannath. Every Patachitra has a song related to it, which the artists sing while unfurling the Patachitra. Chalk dust is used for white color, pauri for yellow color, cultivated indigo for blue, bhushakali for black and mete sindur for red color. Thus, it refers to a painting done on canvas and is manifested by rich colorful applications, creative motifs, and designs, and portrayal of simple themes, mostly mythological in depiction. Pattachitra is, therefore, a painting done on canvas, and is manifested by rich, colorful application, creative motifs, and designs, and portrayal of simple themes, mostly mythological in depiction. , In the Sanskrit language, "Patta" literally means "cloth" and "Chitra" means "picture". Pattachitra is the art of traditional, cloth-based scroll painting that originated in state of Odisha (formerly known as Orissa). Look at our latest offer. The seeds are later pounded with a crusher, mixed with water, and heated in an earthen pot to turn it to a paste, which is called niryas kalpa. At a time, the use of Chalchitra became fade, but now it has a great popularity. Often palm-leaf illustrations are more elaborated, obtaining by superimposing layers that are glued together for most of the surface, but in some areas can open like small windows to reveal a second image under the first layer. , Bengal Patua artists carry the occupational surname of 'Chitrakar'. Most of the paintings are inspired by … Pattachitra is thus a painting done on canvas, and is manifested by rich colorful application, creative motifs and designs, and portrayal of simple themes, mostly mythological in depiction. The timing to carve one Pattachitra painting depends upon the level of intricacy and size of the paintings. Pattachitra is a traditional painting of Orissa, India.These Paintings are based on Hindu Mythology and specially inspired by Jagannath and Vaishnava cult. paintings on cloth or 'Patta Chitra', paintings on walls or 'Bhitti Chitra' and palm leaf engravings or "Tala Patra Chitra' or "Pothi, Chitra'. J Monster, Long Beach, USA . Aug 2, 2016 - Explore Saptaparni Bandyopadhyay's board "Pattachitra" on Pinterest. A gauze-like fine cotton cloth is coated with white stone powder and gum made out of tamarind seeds. The images are traced by using black or white ink to fill grooves etched on rows of equal-sized panels of palm leaf that are sewn together. Pattachitra is thus a painting done on canvas and is manifested by rich colourful application, creative motifs, and styles, and portrayal of straightforward themes, mostly mythological in depiction. Krishna Lila – enactment of Jagannath as Lord Krishna displaying his powers as a child. The colours used in the Patta paintings are primarily bright colours, limited to red, yellow, indigo, black and white. The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit words patta, meaning canvas, and chitra, meaning picture. A patta painter's home with all the members of family is his studio. The colour schemes of the deities of Puri are quite similar to those of the Patta style. Les traditions des peintures pattachitra ont plus de mille ans. 247 pp. The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit words patta, meaning canvas, and Chitra, meaning picture. On the surface of the painting fine lacquer is applied. The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit words patta, meaning canvas, and chitra, meaning picture. Then the colours are filled in. It may be due to the fact that paintings do not survive like sculptures. Pattachitra Painting. Woman members prepare the glue, the canvas and apply colours what we call the fill-in, and give the final lacquer coating. Palm leaf engravings or “Tala Patra Chitra’ or “Pothi, Chitra’. WHAT IS PATTACHITRA? By Helle Bundgaard. , The paintings of Odisha can be divided into three categories from the point of view of medium, i.e. Patua Sangeet or Poter Gan is a cultural tradition of the singing Bengal Patachitra. Then it is rubbed by taking the help of two different stones and then the cloth is dried. b)Ramayana paintings, Traditionally the painters are known as chitrakars. , The Patachitra of different districts of West Bengal are characterized by many peculiarities in colour and design. There are some controversial opinions about the dates of ancient Patas. Nov 2, 2018 - Explore Deepa Lakshminarayanan's board "Pattachitra" on Pinterest. The Pattachitra style are mix of both folk and classical elements but leanings more towards folk forms. Villagers of Raghurajpur make their own brushes and paints for Patta-paintings. See more ideas about madhubani art, indian folk art, indian art paintings.  Patua, the artists of Chalchitra called it as Pata Lekha, means the writing of Patachitra. outline of lord krishna - Google Search. The oldest classical marble paintings of Sitabanji at Keonjhar do not conform to the present style of Patta painting wholly. Most of these paintings depict stories of Hindu deities. Note : In all its grandeur this can be custom made i.e. , Pattachitra is a traditional painting of Odisha, India. Soon as the cloth becomes dry, the final touch of polishing it with a rough stone and then a smooth stone or wood is given, until the surface becomes smooth and leathery, and is all ready as a canvas to be painted on. 1. , This old tradition of Odia painting still survives in the places like Puri, Raghurajpur, Paralakhemundi, Chikiti and Sonepur.  Chalchitra artist of Nabadwip, Tapan Bhattacharya said-. Pattachitra, a traditional artform from Eastern India, is based on a vast range of rules and regulations. 80. The deities who are held in high esteem by the Odias and who inspire religion, life and activity of the people also carry with them a tradition of art and painting which is as old as the deities themselves. , In the 16th century, with the emergence of Bhakti movement the paintings of Radha and Krishna were painted in vibrant shades of orange, red and yellow. [according to whom? While it appears simple and rustic, the paintings require a lot of hard work and patience to make. The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit words patta, meaning canvas, chitra, meaning picture. Most of these paintings depict stories of Hindu deities. , The painters do not use pencil or charcoal for the preliminary drawings. Patachitra painting of Dancing Ganesha Pattachitra is a traditional painting style of Odisha, India.These paintings are based on Hindu mythology specially inspired by Jagannath and Vaishnava cult. These paintings are based on Hindu mythology and specially inspired by Jagannath and Vaishnava sect. It is a traditional folk art form of rural Bengal.  The traditions of pattachitra paintings are more than thousand years old. One of the oldest and most popular art forms of Odisha, the name 'Pattachitra' has evolved from the Sanskrit words 'patta' (canvas) and 'chitra' (picture). PATTACHITRA OR PATTA (CLOTH) + CHITRA (PAINTING) is the traditional art form of painting on a special cotton canvas which has its origins in Odisha. Pattachitra or Patachitra (Odia: ପଟ୍ଟଚିତ୍ର Pattachitra, Bengali: পটচিত্র Patachitra) is a general term for traditional, cloth-based scroll painting, based in the eastern Indian states of Odisha and West Bengal. Derivative of two Sanskrit words, first being “patta”- which means “canvas”, and second being “chitra”- which means “picture”, Pattachitra is thus “a painting done on canvas”.  In the scrolls of pot of Birbhum, Bankura and Burdwan preference for Indian red background usually found, the scrolls of Hooghly preferred a dark brown. Pattachitra style of painting is one of the oldest and most popular art forms of Odisha. The Pattachitra compositions’ topic is generally founded on Hindu folklore and enlivened by Jagannath culture that is prevalent around its seat of origin. , In his book Folk Art of Bengal, author Ajitcoomar Mookerjee has mentioned that there are some Jadu-Patuas painting of mural style in the temples of Bankura District. The background on which the figures are represented, is delineated with decorations of flowers and foliages and is mostly painted in red colour. All colours used in the paintings are natural and with Pattachitra being a disciplined art form, the chitrakars maintain rigidity in their use of colors and patterns. The traditions of pattachitra paintings are more than a thousand years old. Pure lamp-black or black prepared from the burning of coconut shells are used. It requires a lot of patience. The brushes that are used by these 'Chitrakaras' are also indigenous and are made of hair of domestic animals.  The Patachitra of West Bengal is registered as Bengal Patachitra. Indian Publications Calcutta, Page number 54-55 (Annexure C,V), Mookerjee Ajitcoomar (1939), Folk Art of Bengal. All of the poses have been confined to a few well-defined postures. Pattachitra is thus a painting done on canvas, and is manifested by rich colourful application, creative motifs, and designs, and portrayal of simple themes, mostly mythological in depiction. If the Savara origin of Jagannath is accepted, the date of the Patta paintings can be dated back to an earlier period. Making the patta is the first thing that comes in the agenda, and the painters, also called chitrakars, go about their work in preparing a tamarind paste, which is made by soaking tamarind seeds in water for three days. Panchamukhi – depiction of Lord Ganesh as a five-headed deity. The dress style has Mughal influences. Pattachitra style of painting is one of the oldest and most popular art forms of Odisha. Pattachitra style of painting is one of the oldest and most popular art forms of Odisha. The name comes from the word ‘Patta,’ the Sanskrit word for ‘cloth’ and ‘Chitra,’ ‘picture.’ Pattachitra in a nutshell. Pattachitra is a general term for traditional scroll painting in India, especially in Odisha and West Bengal states.The Sanskrit pata means cloth, chitra means painting.Patachitra is the painting usually made on tasar silk cloth. Pattachitra is thus a painting done on canvas, and is manifested by rich colourful application, creative motifs and designs, and portrayal of simple themes, mostly mythological in depiction. All colours used in the Paintings are natural and paintings are made fully old traditional way by Chitrakaras that is Odiya Painter. The themes may be classified into following categories, a)Bhagabat paintings Pattachitra est donc une peinture réalisée sur toile, qui se manifeste par une application colorée riche, des motifs et des dessins créatifs et une représentation de thèmes simples, principalement mythologiques dans leur description. But this process gives brilliance and premanence to the hue. In general, blue, yellow, green, red, brown, black and white are used in the Patachitra of West Bengal. Most of these paintings depict stories of Hindu deities. Pattachitra is, therefore, a painting done on canvas, and is manifested by rich, colorful application, creative motifs, and designs, and portrayal of simple themes, mostly mythological in depiction. The simple themes that are depicted beautifully but invariably with a mythological connotation in Pattachitra paintings are done in a way so … Lord Jagannath in the present from is being taken as the origin of the Patta style. The paints inside the shrines of Lord Jagannath at Puri make the date probable. The Hooghly and Manbhum 'pats' are peculiar and definitely modernistic with the abstract linear treatment. Apart from these, artists also engage in making toys out of stone and wood and painting them. They are concentrated in the village of Naya in Medinipur district of West Bengal. Hindu Cosmos. Singing pot in Bengal is called Patua Sangeet. They prepare their own colours. See more ideas about folk art, painting, indian art. For: Preliminary This process of glazing or varnishing is quite interesting. Pichwai Paintings Indian Paintings Contemporary Folk Art Indian Art Paintings Old Art Madhubani Art Phad Painting Mandala Art Tribal Art. Religious pots encompass the story of Hindu epics like, mythology, Ramayana, Mahabharata narrating stories of Hindu gods and goddesses like, Krishna, Chaitanya, Kali, Shiba and the indigenous Bengali folklore of Manasha and Chandi, Behula and Lakshinder being the most popular. Pattachitra is thus a painting done on canvas, and is manifested by rich colourful application, creative motifs, and designs, and portrayal of simple themes, mostly mythological in … Since beginning of Pattachitra culture, Lord Jagannath who was an incarnation of Lord Krishna has been the major source of inspiration. It's good to see a lost painting coming back around. Neerja Tata interprets this traditional artform in a modern way by adding contemporary motifs and themes. Pattachitra is thus a painting done on canvas, and is manifested by rich colourful application, creative motifs and designs, and portrayal of simple themes, mostly mythological in depiction. The subject matter of Patta Chitra is mostly mythological, religious stories and folk lore. However, it takes years of practice, dedication and skill for an artisan to carve a flawless and magnificent piece. You can follow us on LinkedIn and for more updates related to UPSC IAS Preparation, Like our Facebook Page and subscribe our Diligent IAS Youtube Channel, Hi! The mixture of gum and chalk gives the cloth's surface a leathery finish on which the artists paint with vegetable, earth and stone colours. The master hand, mostly the male member, draws the initial line and gives the final finishing. The theme of the Pattachitra paintings are mostly based on Hindu Mythology and inspired by Jagannath Sanskruti. These are not free from monotonous repetitions, though at times this is necessary to accentuate the narrative character of the style.  There was no blue either cobalt or ultramarine in the earlier colour schemes. hand painted over a specific time frame in a specific size. The patachitra of Manbhum, now known as Purulia can easily be distinguished by their preference for one particular shade of burnt sienna relieved by white and yellow patches and densely packed composition. Krishnanager Rajrajeshwari Durga is seen to be uniquely noticed. These paintings were originally substitutes for worship on days when the temple doors were shut for the 'ritual bath' of the deity. Subject-wise, Pattachitra paintings mostly depict stories of Hindu deities. The Patachitra of Odisha is registered as Orissa Pattachitra. , Roy Niranjan (1973), The Patas and Patuas of Bengal. First of all palm leaves are left for becoming hard after being taken from the tree. It is a traditional and mythological heritage of West Bengal. The whole painting is conceived in the form of a design on a given canvas. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 1999. Since it hails from the land of Lord Jagannath, the major art inspiration is the cult of Shri Jagannath and the temple traditions of Puri. The Kalighat Patachitra, the last tradition of Bengal Patachitra is developed by Jamini Roy. TESTIMONIALS. Krishna is always painted in blue and Gopis in light pink, purple or brown colours. , Use of natural color is one of the individual characteristics of the Bengal Patachitra. The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit words patta, meaning canvas, and chitra, meaning picture. The theme of Odia painting centres round the Jagannath and the Vaishnava sect. The painting is held over a fireplace so that the back of the painting is exposed to heat. Pattachitra is thus a painting done on canvas, and is manifested by rich colourful application, creative motifs and designs, and portrayal of simple themes, mostly mythological in depiction.The traditions of pattachitra paintings are more than thousand years old. Thus, Pattachitra forms an important and integral part of traditional and folk … Topics covered: Painting, Design & Techniques, Themes. See more ideas about madhubani painting, indian folk art, madhubani art. A beautiful pattachitra papier mache mask of Lord Ganesh was sooo great, even better than the pic. The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit words patta, meaning canvas, and chitra, meaning picture. , Palm leaf pattachitra which is in Oriya language known as Tala Pattachitra drawn on palm leaf.  The style of all these remains more or less the same at a specific time because the then artists were commissioned to work in all these media, it is believed. PATTACHITRA Collection by Color me happy. Sep 8, 2020 - Explore color me happy's board "PATTACHITRA", followed by 306 people on Pinterest. There are typical scenes and figures like Krishna, Gopis, elephants, trees and other creatures are seen in these paintings.  The subject matter of Bengal Patachitra is mostly mythological, religious stories, folk lore and social. The canvas is prepared by coating the clothing with a mixture of chalk and gum made from tamarind seeds.  300–400 years old idols of Nabadwip Shakta Rash used Chalchitra as a part of Pratima.  Pattachitra artform is known for its intricate details as well as mythological narratives and folktales inscribed in it. Monimala is known for her use of bold, primal colours and the development of her own iconographic style. Dasabatara Patti – the ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu. Click one of our member below to chat on. Many pieces of art (especially Pattachitra, a traditional cloth-based scroll painting) in heritage hub have been damaged. 'Haritala', king of stone ingredients for yellow, 'Ramaraja' a sort of indigo for blue are being used.  It is famous in the village part of West Bengal like Birbhum, Jhargram, Bardhaman and Murshidabad as a folk song of West Bengal.. Bengal Patachitra painting has a different type of motive and aspects that unrolled the Bengali culture. This type of patachitra is also worshiped is Katwa. Themes are chiefly on Lord Jagannath and Radha-Krishna, different "Vesas" of Shri Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra, temple activities, the ten incarnations of Vishnu basing on the 'Gita Govinda' of Jayadev, Kama Kujara Navagunjara, Ramayana, Mahabharata. All the paintings are given decorative borders. Krishna Pictures Drawings Art Art Drawings Sketches Simple Ganesha Drawing Krishna Krishna Drawing Outline Drawings Mural Painting. This makes the canvass ready to accept the paint, made of natural colors. The wooden statues of the three deities are also covered with cloth and then overlaid with glue mixed with chalk, and then given paint only with four limited colours of red, yellow, white and black. They are so expert in the line that they simply draw directly with the brush either in light red or yellow. Raghurajpur village is the custodian of 900 years old craft of Pattachitra. Using the mythological epic and the natural color it is one of the individual characteristics of the Bengal Patachitra. 83 Pins • 306 followers. All the incidents are seen in close juxtaposition. Nordic Institute of Asian Studies Monograph Series, No.  These paintings are based on Hindu mythology and specially inspired by Jagannath and Vaishnava sect. Pattachitra artform is known for its intricate details as well … Prominent artists include Khandu and Radha Chitrakar and their children Bapi, Samir, Prabir, Laltu, Tagar, Mamoni and Laila Chitrakar. such as bus accidents at Narayangarh, rural elections, the rationing system, family planning, evils of the dowry system etc. Then these are sewn together to form like a canvas. Generally, there are no landscapes, perspectives, and distant views. It worshiped in the Hatsarandi Sutradhar society of Birbhum district on Durga puja time. All colours used in the Paintings are natural and paintings are made fully old traditional way by Chitrakaras that is Oriya Painter. 'Hingula', a mineral colour, is used for red.  All colours used in the Paintings are natural and paintings are made fully old traditional way by Chitrakaras that is Odiya Painter. Thus, Pattachitra forms an important and integral part of traditional and folk … , Goddess Durga and her family in Medinipur Patachitra, The Bengal Patachitra refers to the painting of West Bengal.  Pattachitras are a component of an ancient Bengali narrative art, originally serving as a visual device during the performance of a song. $45.00 (cloth)", "Myths and Folktales in the Patachitra Art of Bengal: Tradition and Modernity - The Chitrolekha Journal on Art and Design", http://india.gov.in/knowindia/pattachitra.php, http://craftorissa.com/b2c/product_info.php?products_id=112, "Crafts of India -Patachitra - Introduction", "Pattachitra Arts - Orissa | Handmade Crafts directly from Craftsmen", "Indian Art » Blog Archive » Patta Chitra Paintings", https://www.devotionalstore.com/blogs/devotional-blog/traditional-arts-of-odisha-pattachitra-painting, The meticulous process of Pattachitra paintings, "Cosmopolitan impressions from a contemporary Bengali patachitra painting museum collection in Portugal", "অবক্ষয় আর অবলুপ্তির মাঝে বাংলার চালচিত্র - Anandabazar", http://ipindiaservices.gov.in/GI_DOC/564/564%20-%20Statement%20of%20Case%20-%2017-08-2016.pdf, "Registered Gls | Geographical Indications | Intellectual Property India", "Bengal handicrafts to get new fillip with GI tags", "West Bengal seeks geographical indication tag for handicrafts", Revolutionary movement for Indian independence, List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pattachitra&oldid=1001664069, Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles containing Bengali-language text, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Yamapati and yatripatas – (sketches of puri temple), This page was last edited on 20 January 2021, at 18:36.
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