Michael George Francis Ventris, OBE (/ ˈ v ɛ n t r ɪ s /; 12 July 1922 – 6 September 1956) was an English architect, classicist and philologist who deciphered Linear B, the ancient Mycenaean Greek script. Directed by Robin Dashwood. Michael George Francis Ventris, OBE (12 July 1922 – 6 September 1956) was an English architect who, along with John Chadwick and Alice Kober, deciphered Linear B, a previously unknown ancient script discovered at Knossos by Arthur Evans. A competent and zealous cryptographer at 14, in 1936 he heard the famed archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans lecture on the Linear B script that he had discovered at Knossós, Crete, in about 1900 and how it still baffled linguists and archaeologists. Evans held up tablets of the unknown scripts for the audience to see. The Man Who Deciphered Linear B: The Story of Michael Ventris - Kindle edition by Robinson, Andrew. After the war he worked briefly in Sweden, learning enough Swedish to communicate with scholars. ); died 6.9.1956 in Hatfield (Herts. [13][14], Shortly before World War II, American archaeologist Carl Blegen discovered a further 600 or so tablets of Linear B in the Mycenaean palace of Pylos. For the rest of his career, however, he continued to make important contributions to the field of Mycenology. Blue Plaque for Michael Ventris - geograph.org.uk - 884994.jpg 445 × 640; 183 KB Michael Ventris - 19 North End Hampstead NW3 7HR.jpg 3,000 × 4,000; 3.12 MB Michael Ventris - 19 North End Hampstead NW3.jpg 2,000 × 1,500; 1.04 MB ); studied Latin and Greek at school; studied architecture in London; after World War II was an architect and … After her death, the architect Michael Ventris built on Kober's work and with some inspired guesses deciphered the script in 1952, establishing that it was Mycenaean Greek. Michael George Francis Ventris, (; 12 July 1922 – 6 September 1956) was an English architect, classicist and philologist who deciphered Linear B, the ancient Mycenaean Greek script. Everyone would agree that Michael Ventris’ decipherment of Linear B is one of the great moments of decipherment in the twentieth century. Ventris addressed the first meeting of the seminar, which — 60 years on — continues to flourish as the Mycenaean Seminar Series, a leading international forum for Aegean prehistory. Michael Fentriss, 1605 - 1654 Michael Fentriss 1605 1654. During the interview period following the lecture, Ventris immediately confirmed that Linear B was as yet undeciphered, and determined to decipher it. [18] Correspondence and papers [ edit ] His mother often spoke Polish to him, and he was fluent by the age of eight. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Michael-Ventris, University of Cambridge - Faculty of Classics - Biography of Michael Ventris. With the German invasion of Poland in 1939, Mrs Ventris lost her private income, and in 1940 Dora's father died. His parents divorced in 1935. After creating a new field of study, Ventris … Michael George Francis Ventris, OBE (/ ˈ v ɛ n t r ɪ s /; 12 July 1922 – 6 September 1956) was an English linguist and architect who, along with John Chadwick and Alice Kober, deciphered Linear B, a previously unknown ancient script discovered at Knossos by Arthur Evans.A prodigy in languages, Ventris had pursued the decipherment as a vocation since his adolescence. His friends assumed he was on intelligence duties, interpreting his denials as part of a legal gag. The story begins in 1900, when Sir Arthur Evans, while excavating at Knossos in Crete, where he becomes convinced that he has discovered the palace of king minos. https://www.hopechannel.com/read/the-archaeologist-michael-ventris The documentary begins with his introduction to the ancient script, on a … This book combines information about Michael Ventris with enough explanation of the deciphering of Linear B to give the general reader some sense of what Ventris achieved. Although this proved incorrect, it was a link he continued to explore until the early 1950s. He never spoke of her, assuming instead an ebullient and energetic manner in whatever he decided to do, a trait which won him numerous friends. It is a shame we don't know more about Ventris, his war service and his sad death, but I'm not sure anyone will ever be able to throw more light on his life. ed., 1973) was published a few weeks after Ventris’ death in an auto accident, and Chadwick’s The Decipherment of Linear B (1958; 2nd ed., 1968) followed. This book combines information about Michael Ventris with enough explanation of the deciphering of Linear B to give the general reader some sense of what Ventris achieved. ... Michael Ventris was born circa 1625, to Michael Fentriss and Fentriss. There he met his wife-to-be Lois Knox-Niven, daughter of Lois Butler. Ventris later said that Gabo was the most family he had ever had. Photographs of these tablets by archaeologist Alison Frantz facilitated Ventris's later decipherment of the Linear B script.[15]. His gravestone is inscribed, “Michael Ventris who first read the Minoan Linear B script as Greek 1922–1956.” Evans had given the site to them some years previously. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. It is widely acknowledged that his discovery was the more remarkable because he was not a professional scholar. Villa Ariadne, Evans's home there, was now part of the school. The archive comprises personal correspondence and papers, drawings, photographs, and other memorabilia, as well as selected offprints and newspaper cuttings relating to the At the age of six he learnt Polish.At seven he read a German … John was born on June 28 1818, in West Cornwall Hospital, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. Just better. The method by which he achieved success was essentially that of statistical analysis, aided by stray hints from the analysis of various arrangements of syllabic signs. 76 Squadron RAF, initially at RAF Breighton and then at RAF Holme-on-Spalding Moor. Her social background was similar to Ventris's: her family was well-to-do, she had travelled in Europe, and she was interested in architecture. found: History of classical scholarship : a biographical dictionary (Brill's new Pauly supplement 6), 2014: page 630 (Michael Ventris; British architect and linguist; born Michael George Francis Ventris 12.7.1922 in Wheathampstead (Herts. He soon was fluent in both languages and showing proficiency for Swiss German. She was also popular and considered very beautiful. From 1931 to 1935 Ventris was sent to Bickley Hill School in Stowe. Quite the same Wikipedia. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Michael VentrisOn this page we discuss the stunning achievement of Michael Ventris (1922-1956), who single-handedly deciphered Linear B.This was no mean achievement, as there was nothing upon which he could posit his decipherment.No-one in the history of decipherment ever equalled Michael Ventris' genius for cracking unknown ancient … [10], An English Heritage blue plaque commemorates Ventris at his home in Hampstead.[11]. Ventris was awarded an OBE and an annual award in his honour, the Michael Ventris Award, was established in 1957. The Ventris Papers were given to the Institute in 1988, following the death of Lois Ventris (Michael’s widow) in 1988. Michael Ventris, the decipherer of Linear B Greek, was a remarkable linguist, in the sense of one who speaks languages, though he was not a linguist in the academic sense. At this time, he secured a scholarship to Stowe School. He was awarded an OBE in 1955 for "services to Mycenaean paleography. When he was not boarding at school, Ventris lived with his mother, before 1935 in coastal hotels, and then in the avant garde Berthold Lubetkin's Highpoint modernist apartments in Highgate, London. References and Further Reading: Find Michael Ventris in the United States. Michael VentrisOn this page we discuss the stunning achievement of Michael Ventris (1922-1956), who single-handedly deciphered Linear B.This was no mean achievement, as there was nothing upon which he could posit his decipherment.No-one in the history of decipherment ever equalled Michael Ventris' genius for cracking unknown ancient languages.Richard … Shortly after Evans died, Alice Kober noted that certain words in Linear B inscriptions had changing word endings — perhaps declensions in the manner of Latin or Greek. His preference was for navigator rather than pilot, and he completed the extensive training in the UK and Canada, to qualify early in 1944 and be commissioned. These awards, given to young Linear B scholars and architects, continue to the present day, under the auspices of the London … A friend of the family, Russian sculptor Naum Gabo, took Ventris under his wing. (Stowe is an 18th century country house; by contrast, his Polish mother, Dorothea (Dora) Ventris (born Anna Dorota … As a boy, Ventris was fascinated with the classics, and much of his early education was of an Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Michael Ventris. It is a shame we don't know more about Ventris, his war service and his sad death, but I'm not sure anyone will ever be able to throw more light on his life. Brilliant as he was, I am greatly inclined to believe he did, but his untimely death at the young age of 34 in a terrible car accident in 1956 never gave him the chance to further develop and refine his initial decipherment of Linear B in 1952. In 1956 Ventris, who lived in Hampstead, died instantly in a late-night collision in Hatfield, Hertfordshire, with a parked truck while driving home, aged 34. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). So we shall never know. Michael Ventris. This overturned Evans's theories of Minoan history by establishing that Cretan civilization, at least in the later periods associated with the Linear B tablets, had been part of Mycenean Greece. Edward Ventris married Anna Dorothea Janasz (Dora), who was from a wealthy Jewish Polish paternal background. British architect who deciphered Linear B, Great Britons: Twentieth-century lives, Harold Oxbury, 1985, Fox, Margo, The Riddle of the Labyrinth, ecco, 2013, Kahn, David, The Code-Breakers, MacMillan, 1967, Architectural Association School of Architecture, "Cracking the code: the decipherment of Linear B 60 years on", "Royal Air Force (Volunteer Reserve) (RAF(VR)) Officers 1939–1945", "Michael Ventris: Decipherer of Linear B", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Michael_Ventris&oldid=996496488, Royal Air Force personnel of World War II, Officers of the Order of the British Empire, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 23:26. Emmett L. Bennett, Jr. Collection Emmett L. Bennett, Jr. Collection--Correspondence At yovisto academic video search, you may be interested in a video on the Ancient Minoans Aegean Empire . However, Ventris would not enjoy his success for long, for later in 1956, he died in a car accident, aged just 34. In 1931, the Ventris family returned home. To install click the Add extension button. A student of languages, Ventris had pursued the decipherment as a personal vocation since his adolescence. Omissions? Mythologised by Homer, and dated to 1700bc. A prodigy in languages, Ventris had pursued the decipherment as an avocation since his teen-age years. Michael George Francis Ventris, OBE (/ˈvɛntrɪs/; 12 July 1922 – 6 September 1956) was an English architect, classicist and philologist who deciphered Linear B,[1] the ancient Mycenaean Greek script. 121875842, citing Welford Road Cemetery, Leicester, Leicester Unitary Authority, Leicestershire, England ; Maintained by julia&keld (contributor 46812479) . Young Michael started school in Gstaad, where classes were taught in French and German. Michael George Francis Ventris, OBE (12 July 1922 – 6 September 1956) was an English linguist and architect who, along with John Chadwick and Alice Kober, deciphered Linear B, a previously unknown ancient script discovered at Knossos by Arthur Evans. Alice Kober was a classics professor at Brooklyn College and had done extensive work on Linear B. Ventris acknowledged her work as having made a significant contribution to his own work. One day Linear B popped out of his head, but only because he was interested in it. He … At this time, he was reading Adolf Erman's Die Hieroglyphen in German. Part of his schooling was spent at Gstaad, where he picked up the local Swiss German as well as standard German and French. In doing so he uncovered a great many clay tablets inscribed with two unknown scripts, Linear A and Linear B. Evans attempted to decipher both in the following decades, with little success. Joined shortly thereafter by the Cambridge linguist John Chadwick, they assembled dramatic evidence supporting Ventris’ theory. Then there there three, Michael and Ventris and LInear B. The family moved to Switzerland for eight years, seeking a healthy environment for Colonel Ventris. Michael Ventris was born as the only child into a traditional army family to Edward Francis Vereker Ventris, a Lieutenant Colonel in the Indian Army, and Anna Dorothea Janasz, the daughter of a wealthy immigrant landholder from Poland. Michael George Francis Ventris, OBE (12 July 1922 – 6 September 1956) was an English architect who, along with John Chadwick and Alice Kober, deciphered Linear B, a previously unknown ancient script discovered at Knossos by Arthur Evans. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The name Michael Ventris has over 3 birth records, 0 death records, 4 criminal/court records, 12 address records, 1 phone records and more. Michael Ventris. We found 4 entries for Michael Ventris in the United States. He designed schools for the Ministry of Education. Reading Andrew Robinson's fascinating book Lost Languages: The Enigma of the World's Undeciphered Scripts (2002, McGraw-Hill), I recently learned the amazing story of the decipherment of the Linear B script by amateur philologist Michael Ventris in the 1950s. Comparing the Linear B tablets discovered on the Greek mainland, and noting that certain symbol groups appeared only in the Cretan texts, Ventris made the inspired guess that those were place names on the island. Hosted by AA Membership, this talk is part of an ongoing series of lectures organised by the AA Library, Photo Library and Archives to promote the AA’s collections and … Subject. "A Very English Genius" is a documentary telling the story of how Michael Ventris became obsessed with the quest of cracking the earliest known writing system, Linear B, which originated in Greece. [8] Ventris and his wife had two children, a son, Nikki (1942–1984) and a daughter, Tessa (born 1946). In 1940, the 18-year-old Ventris had an article "Introducing the Minoan Language" published in the American Journal of Archaeology. His mother's acquaintances, who frequented the house, included many sculptors, painters, and writers of the day. A few years after deciphering Linear B in 1951–1953, Ventris, who lived in Hampstead, died instantly in a late-night collision with a parked truck while driving home, aged 34. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. Corrections? His father, Edward Francis Vereker Ventris, was a lieutenant-colonel in the Indian Army,[2] who retired early due to ill health. This raises the question, did Michael Ventris himself know about supersyllabograms? [9] Ventris continued with his efforts on Linear B, discovering in 1952 that it was an archaic form of Greek. While which consonants and vowels these were remained mysterious, Ventris learned enough about the structure of the underlying language to begin guessing. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Elizabeth Jane Chandler (born Ventris) was born on month day 1860, at birth place, Kansas, to John Bennett Ventris and Barbara Ellen Ventris (born Rees). That's it. He and his wife personally designed their family home, 19 North End, Hampstead. [3] He was capable of learning a language within a matter of weeks, which allowed him to acquire fluency in a dozen languages. He chose the Royal Air Force (RAF). Tag: Michael Ventris ... Fox, a linguist and senior obituary writer for the New York Times, wrote that she wanted to correct a gaping omission in the story of one of the world’s great intellectual puzzles and to narrate a vital piece of American women’s history. Michael passed away on month day 1714, at age 69 at death place, Virginia. Michael George Francis Ventris, OBE (12 July 1922 – 6 September 1956) was an English architect, classicist and philologist who deciphered Linear B, … In 1953 they published their historic paper, “Evidence for Greek Dialect in the Mycenaean Archives.” Their Documents in Mycenaean Greek (1956; rev. After creating a new field of study, Ventris died in a car crash a few weeks before the publication, with John Chadwick, of Documents in Mycenaean Greek. Mythologised by Homer, and dated to 1700bc. Ventris was born into a traditional army family. There is also no evidence that he was ever part of any code-breaking unit, as was Chadwick, even though the public has readily believed this explanation of his genius and success with Linear B.[6]. Michael Ventris, in full Michael George Francis Ventris, (born July 12, 1922, Wheathampstead, Hertfordshire, Eng.—died Sept. 6, 1956, near Hatfield, Hertfordshire), English architect and cryptographer who in 1952 deciphered the Minoan Linear B script and showed it to be Greek in its oldest known form, dating from about 1400 to 1200 bc, roughly the period of the events … [3] Then he came home to complete his architectural education with honours in 1948[7] and settled down with Lois working as an architect. Michael Fentriss was born in 1605. As a child, Michael Ventris had chronic bronchial asthma. Ventris did not complete his architecture studies, being conscripted in 1942. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. "[8] In 1959 he was posthumously awarded the British Academy's Kenyon Medal. Other articles where John Chadwick is discussed: Michael Ventris: …thereafter by the Cambridge linguist John Chadwick, they assembled dramatic evidence supporting Ventris’ theory. The coroner's verdict was accidental death. Chadwick expresses grief and shock at the death of Michael Ventris. A prodigy in languages, Ventris had pursued the decipherment as an avocation since his teen-age years. [4] While training, he studied Russian intensively for several weeks, the purpose of which is not clear. The stick was undoubtedly the cane named Prodger which Evans carried all his life to assist him with his short-sightedness and night blindness. Tragically, Michael Ventris died in a car accident on 6 September 1956, aged only 34. In 1936, Evans hosted an exhibition on Cretan archaeology at Burlington House in London, home of the Royal Academy. He decided on architecture as a career, and enrolled in the Architectural Association School of Architecture. It was the jubilee anniversary (50 years) of the British School of Archaeology in Athens, contemporaneous owners and managers of the Knossos site. This proved to be correct. Michael Ventris – Learning a Language in only Weeks. Ventris's father died in 1938 and his mother Dora became administrator of the estate. In June 1952 he announced over a British radio program that he had found the Linear B to be a very archaic form of Greek. Genealogy profile for Michael Fentris Michael Fentris (1605 - 1654) - Genealogy Genealogy for Michael Fentris (1605 - 1654) family tree on Geni, with … His duties are unclear. He took part in the bombing of Germany, as aircrew on the Handley Page Halifax with No. But he lives on thanks to his contribution to history. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The Man Who Deciphered Linear B: The Story of Michael Ventris. Michael Ventris, in full Michael George Francis Ventris, (born July 12, 1922, Wheathampstead, Hertfordshire, Eng.—died Sept. 6, 1956, near Hatfield, Hertfordshire), English architect and cryptographer who in 1952 deciphered the Minoan Linear B script and showed it to be Greek in its oldest known form, dating from about 1400 to 1200 bc, roughly the period of the events narrated in the Homeric epics. He starred as PC Alf Ventress in Heartbeat for … The book covers it all, from his childhood, through his World War II service and early family life, to the days of the decipherment and finally his disillusionment with the subject and early death in … The story brings home some important lessons about innovation: Be willing and eager to collaborate … In 1956 Ventris, who lived in Hampstead, died instantly in a late-night collision in Hatfield, Hertfordshire, with a parked truck while driving home, aged 34. We should start, Michael Ventris is MIchael and then he is Ventris. Genealogy profile for Michael Ventress Michael Ventress (1816 - 1882) - Genealogy Genealogy for Michael Ventress (1816 - 1882) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. The coroner's verdict was accidental death. The story begins in 1900, when Sir Arthur Evans, while excavating at Knossos in Crete, where he becomes convinced that he has discovered the palace of king minos. In a lecture after he had cracked Linear B, and before his death, Ventris did however give substantial credit to Kober for her contribution - … As a boy, his fascination with the classics led Ventris to study Greek and Latin. Michael was born in 1605. And in 1952, Michael Ventris did. Updates? The money for her artistic patronage came from Polish estates. After the publication (1951) of texts in an almost identical script found on the Greek mainland in 1939, Ventris’ progress was rapid. And in 1952, Michael Ventris did. Britannica now has a site just for parents! A student of languages, Ventris had pursued the decipherment as a personal vocation since his adolescence. Get full address, contact info, background report and more! Boys from Stowe school were in attendance at one lecture and tour conducted by Evans himself at age 85. Michael Ventris was their only child. In 1949, following architectural studies that had been interrupted by service in the Royal Air Force during World War II, he began searching in earnest for the key to Linear B. Armed with the symbols he could decipher from this, Ventris soon unlocked much text and determined that the underlying language of Linear B was in fact Greek. Ventris’ death in September 1956 was a great blow to Chadwick, who had lost his colleague, friend, and ally in the task of winning over the decipherment’s critics. No evidence of such assignments has emerged in the decades since. Using this clue, Ventris constructed a series of grids associating the symbols on the tablets with consonants and vowels. 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