"They lift up their voice! But the word universally in the Old Testament means either to sprinkle with blood, as the high priest makes an expiation ( Leviticus 4:6 , Leviticus 16:18 Leviticus 16:19 ); or with water, to purify ( Ezekiel 36:25 ; compare as to the Spirit, Acts 2:33 ), both appropriate to Messiah ( John 13:8 , Hebrews 9:13 Hebrews 9:14 , 10:22 , 12:24 , 1 Peter 1:2 ). The poetry of Isaiah provides some of the most evocative language and imagery within Scripture to shape the imagination of the faithful. . The fact "that My people is taken away (into captivity; Isaiah 49:24 Isaiah 49:25 ) for naught" (by gratuitous oppression, Isaiah 52:4 ; also Isaiah 52:3 , demands My interposition. sojourn--They went there to stay only till the famine in Canaan should have ceased. arm--metaphor from warriors who bare their arm for battle ( Ezekiel 4:7 ). 2 Shake off your dust; rise up, sit enthroned, Jerusalem. 2. The welcome news of Christ's kingdom. The gospel proclaims liberty to those bound with fears. 5. what have I here--that is, what am I called on to do? Isaiah 51:17–23.Who were the “two sons” who fainted? The writing is, moreover, declaredly prophetic. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 52:1-12 The gospel proclaims liberty to those bound with fears. • The second song (49:1-6), further defines the Servant’s mission. vessels of the Lord--the priests and Levites, whose office it was to carry the vessels of the temple ( Jeremiah 27:18 ). The more perfect we may suppose the "body prepared" ( Hebrews 10:5 ) for Him by God, the sadder by contrast was the "marring" of His visage and form. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. mouths"; Job 29:9 Job 29:10 , Micah 7:16 ). blasphemed--namely, in Babylon: God's reason for delivering His people, not their goodness, but for the sake of His holy name ( Ezekiel 20:9 Ezekiel 20:14 ). told them--the reason why kings shall so venerate them; the wonders of redemption, which had not been before told them, shall then be announced to them, wonders such as they had never heard or seen parallelled ( Isaiah 55:1 , Romans 15:21 , Romans 16:25 Romans 16:26 ). On Good Friday, as Christians meditate on the brutal suffering and death of Jesus, the poetry of Isaiah 53 offers poignant and puzzling reflections that illumine the character of God. . Put on your strength, O Zion; Put on your beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city! Arouse thyself from dejection and assume confidence. Isaiah 53 Chapter 52 The greater part of this chapter is on the same subject with the chapter before, concerning the deliverance of the Jews out of Babylon, which yet is applicable to the great salvation Christ has wrought out for us; but the last three verses are on the same subject with the following chapter, concerning the person of the Redeemer, his humiliation and exaltation. (13-15). . . 1 Awake, awake, Zion! All Rights Reserved. John Trapp Complete Commentary. But the ancient Jews, as the Chaldee paraphrast, Jonathan, refer it to Messiah; so the Medrasch Tauchuma (a commentary on the Pentateuch); also Rabbi Moses Haddarschan (see HENGSTENBERG, Christology of the Old Testament). extolled--elevated ( 16:19 , Ephesians 1:20-22 , 1 Peter 3:22 ). The reason for the address is now given in a well-sustained promise. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. This is one of the most well known passages in the entire Old Testament. Verse Commentary on Isaiah 52:13-53:12. His ministers proclaim these good tidings: keeping themselves clean from the pollutions of the world, they are beautiful to those to whom they are sent. uncircumcised--spiritually ( Ezekiel 44:9 , Acts 7:51 ). Considering the freeness of this salvation, and how hurtful to temporal comfort sins are, we shall more value the redemption which is in Christ. 12. 7. beautiful . This is a verse by verse, phrase by phrase, occasionally even word by word 178 page commentary from a literal, pre-millennial perspective. salvation of . Zion long in bondage ( Isaiah 51:17-20) is called to put on beautiful garments appropriate to its future prosperity. 4. Christ is Wisdom itself; in the work of our redemption there appeared the wisdom of God in a mystery. 2. deal prudently--rather, "prosper" [GESENIUS] as the parallel clause favors ( Isaiah 53:10 ). Proud member . "For thus saith Jehovah, Ye have been sold for nothing, and ye shall not be redeemed with silver. The transition is frequent from the glory of Messiah in His advent to reign, to His humiliation in His advent to suffer. The Jews try to evade its force by the figment of two Messiahs, one a suffering Messiah (Ben Joseph), the other a triumphant Messiah (Ben David). They were to go with diligent haste, not to lose time nor linger; but they were not to go with distrustful haste. The good news is, that the Lord Jesus reigns. . The uncircumcised— Heathens or infidels. For the uncircumcised and the unclean Shall no longer come to you. The interpreter should keep three things in mind in studying this passage. . Mighty to Save - related study; ISAIAH 53 COMMENTARY Bruce Hurt, MD June, 2018. As you became your foes' servants, without their paying any price for you ( Jeremiah 15:13 ), so they shall release you without demanding any price or reward ( Isaiah 45:13 ), (where Cyrus is represented as doing so: a type of their final restoration gratuitously in like manner). Or, uniting both meanings, "shall reign well" [HENGSTENBERG]. The greater nearness of the first advent, and the interval between it and the second, are implied by the use of the past tense as to the first, the future as to the second. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. (9-16) Their afflictions and deliverances. . ( Isaiah 48:20 , Zechariah 2:6 Zechariah 2:7 ). good tidings--only partially applying to the return from Babylon. Babylon is no place for Israelites. unclean--( Isaiah 35:8 , 60:21 , Joel 3:17 , Revelation 21:27 ). “For centuries the covenant people of the Lord have ‘drunk at the hand of the Lord the cup of his fury,’ or in other words, they reaped the results of their refusal to heed His word and this ‘wrung them out’ (Isaiah 51:17).And the days of judgments for Israel are not finished yet. neck--the yoke of thy captivity. Commentary and Background Information. Enduring Word Bible Commentary Isaiah Chapter 52 David Guzik commentary on Isaiah 52, in which joy is promised for Zion when the Lord will reign again, bringing salvation through the "Servant of the Lord". 3. went down--Judea was an elevated country compared with Egypt. The objection that the sufferings ( Isaiah 53:1-10 ) referred to are represented as past, the glorification alone as future ( Isaiah 52:13-15 , Isaiah 53:11 Isaiah 53:12 ) arises from not seeing that the prophet takes his stand in the midst of the scenes which he describes as future. Isaiah 52:15 Or so will many nations be amazed at him (see also Septuagint) Isaiah 53:8 Or From arrest; Isaiah 53:8 Or generation considered / that he was cut off from the land of the living, / that he was punished for the transgression of my people? 11. ( Isaiah 14:7 Isaiah 14:8 , 42:11 ). . Assyrian--Sennacherib. Many were astonished; so many (not merely men, but) nations shall be sprinkled. Let those weary and heavy laden under the burden of sin, find relief in Christ, shake themselves from the dust of their doubts and fears, and loose themselves from those bands. Study the bible online using commentary on Isaiah 52 and more! Isaiah 53 is … Continue reading "Commentary on Isaiah 52:13—53:12" . Isaiah 52. Commentary on Isaiah 52:1-12 (Read Isaiah 52:1-12) The gospel proclaims liberty to those bound with fears. Nebuchadnezzar had carried them to Babylon ( 2 Chronicles 36:18 ). (1-12) The humiliation of the Messiah. 15. sprinkle many--GESENIUS, for the antithesis to "be astonished," translates, "shall cause . 52:1 ‘People who are not God's people’. The genuineness of the passage is certain; for the Jews would not have forged it, since it is opposed to their notion of Messiah, as a triumphant temporal prince. Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Those in the way of duty, are under God's special protection; and he that believes this, will not hasten for fear. Salem Media Group. HILLEL maintained that Messiah has already come in the person of Hezekiah. And it is a call to all in the bondage of sin and Satan, to use the liberty Christ has proclaimed. Isaiah 52, Coffman Commentaries on the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. The slaves will be redeemed and clothed as kings (Isaiah 52:1-6). That shall be discovered by the gospel of Christ, which could never be told in any other way. The correspondence with the life and death of Jesus Christ is so minute, that it could not have resulted from conjecture or accident. BUXTORF states that many of the modern Rabbins believe that He has been come a good while, but will not manifest Himself because of the sins of the Jews. . 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