All users are urged to always seek advice from a registered health care professional for diagnosis and answers to their medical questions and to ascertain whether the particular therapy, service, product or treatment described on the website is suitable in their circumstances. Passing meconium before birth may be a sign of fetal distress, midwife – a person who has been specially trained to care for women during pregnancy, labour, birth and the post-birth period, model of care – the way maternity care is organised, morning sickness – nausea, vomiting and aversions to certain foods and smells that affect most pregnant women to some degree. Arterial blood gases – Laboratory determination of acid-base balance (pH), carbon dioxide and oxygen in blood sample. ectopic pregnancy – when a fertilised egg implants and grows outside of the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube. Waste products from the fetus can exit through the placenta. Learn medical terms related to pregnancy and childbirth, including nulligravida, primigravida, multigravida, nulliparous, primiparous and multiparous. Textbook solution for Medical Terminology for Health Professions, Spiral… 8th Edition Ann Ehrlich Chapter 1 Problem 23LE. An outlying portion of the placenta that has not maintained its vascular connection with the decidua vera. Placenta previa lateralis (low marginal implantation) is the condition in which the placenta lies just within the lower uterine segment. Setting Medical Birth Registry of Norway, 1999-2015. — multiparous, adj. All parents are provided opportunities to be with and touch their (usually premature) neonate in the critical care nursery. https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au:443/health/servicesandsupport/medical-terms-and-definitions-during-pregnancy-and-birth, https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au:443/about/privacy, https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au:443/about/terms-of-use, This web site is managed and authorised by the Department of Health & Human Services, State Government of Victoria, Australia. pertaining to (the period) around birth. Fetomaternal organ of metabolic interchange between embryo or fetus and mother. They usually fade slowly after delivery, TENS machine – a ‘trans-electrical nerve stimulation’ machine used for pain management during labour, termination of pregnancy – see ‘abortion’ above, theatre – an operating room in a hospital or other health facility, third- or fourth-degree tear – a severe tear of the perineum involving the skin, muscles and anus. The blood supply before and during delivery should be conserved. It bathes the chorionic villi and flows peripherally to the marginal sinus, which leads to uterine veins. pre/nat/al: Definition. Prevention of sepsis is necessary. The cord is approx. Also known as afterbirth. The patient is maintained on absolute bedrest and under close supervision (usually in the hospital) to extend the period of gestation until 36 weeks, when fetal lung maturity is likely (or can be stimulated to mature 48 hr before delivery). During pregnancy and childbirth, you may come across a number of medical and specialised … Write. In the event of fetal distress or death, the family is informed that these are related to detachment of a significant portion of the placenta or to maternal hypovolemic shock, or both. A type of placenta accreta in which the myometrium is invaded to the serosa of the peritoneum covering the uterus. A placenta in which the allantoic mesoderm and vessels fuse with the inner face of the serosa to form the chorion. placenta. The placenta is connected to the fetus by the UMBILICAL CORD and is discharged from the womb after the birth of the baby. embryo – the name given to a fertilised egg from the time of conception until the eighth week, epidural – a type of anaesthetic commonly used in labour where drugs are used to numb the lower half of the body, fallopian tubes – the narrow ducts or tubes in a woman’s abdomen that carry the egg from the ovaries to the uterus. Gradual anemia, pallor, rapid weak pulse, air hunger, and low blood pressure occur. (If, however, the ultrasound examination reveals a normally implanted placenta, a sterile vaginal speculum examination is performed to rule out local bleeding causes, and a laboratory study is ordered to rule out coagulation problems.). Information about a therapy, service, product or treatment does not in any way endorse or support such therapy, service, product or treatment and is not intended to replace advice from your doctor or other registered health professional. At term, the human placenta is disc shaped, about 4 cm in thickness and 18 cm in diameter, and averages about 1/6-1/7 the weight of the fetus; its fetal surface is smooth, being formed by the adherent amnion, with the umbilical cord normally attached near its center; the maternal surface of a detached placenta is rough because of the torn decidual tissue adhering to the chorion and shows lobular elevations called cotyledons or lobes. Morning sickness can occur at any time of day, usually begins at four to eight weeks gestation and generally subsides by week 16 of the pregnancy, multiple pregnancy – when a woman is carrying more than one baby, natural birth – birth without any interventions for example a vaginal delivery rather than a caesarean section, neonatal period – the time from a baby’s birth to four weeks of age, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) – a unit in the hospital for babies who need a high level of special medical care, neonate – a newborn baby, up to four weeks of age, newborn – a baby between birth and four weeks old, nursery – a room in a hospital where babies can stay during the day or overnight, obstetrician – a doctor who has undertaken specialist training  in pregnancy and childbirth, ovaries – the female reproductive organs that release eggs into the fallopian tubes, where they may be fertilised if sperm are present, ovulation – the monthly release of a mature egg from an ovary. Answer to Build a medical term from the information provided.pertaining to after the birth (use part/o) ___. A portion of the placenta that develops from the decidua basalis of the uterus. The placenta is also an endocrine organ. In cases of fetal demise, the infant is carefully wrapped and the parents encouraged to hold their baby, and to examine it as they desire. Medical Terminology Chapter 3 Vocab. A social service consultation is set up if financial or home and family care concerns require agency referrals; spiritual counseling is supplied according to the patient's wishes. the meaning of the medical term microcephalus. There are three types: centralis, lateralis, and marginalis. In placental mammals the embryonic blood supply may be from the, (in plants) a part of the wall of the ovary on which. Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005 perinatal. A three-lobed placenta attached to a single fetus. After delivery, the patient is monitored closely for continued bleeding, which may occur from the large vascular channels in the lower uterine segment, even if the fundus is firmly contracted. Gravity. The activated link is defined as Active Tab. 50 cm (20 in.) Medical terms and definitions during pregnancy and birth - Better Health Channel Subject Like all areas of medicine, pregnancy and childbirth has a number of specialised terms, many of which you will hear during your own pregnancy and labour and the birth of your baby. PLAY. Need to find a doctor in your local area? Test. A pediatric team is present at delivery to assess and treat neonatal hypoxia, anemia, blood loss, and shock. The scores, which are taken at … Fetus: A fetus is the term used for a developing baby from after the 8th week of pregnancy until birth. Attached to the margin of the placenta is a membrane that encloses the embryo. Multiple births are more common than they used to be, due to the increased use of assisted reproductive techniques, in particular the use of fertility drugs. Take a look at the general practitioners entry in our health service profiles. This means three pregnancies, two live births. Common medical terminology used in pregnancy, labour and birth. The patient is prepared physically and emotionally for cesarean delivery; vaginal delivery may be attempted, but only if the previa is marginal, bleeding is minimal, and labor is rapidly progressing. Pertaining to the period immediately before and after birth. Answered by evamwelu. Term: Definition: postpartum: after childbirth: postnatal: pertaining to after childbirth: para: birth: peurperal: pertaining to childbirth the suffix meaning pregnancy. The first few days after giving birth are a time for resting, looking after yourself and learning about your baby... Use help and advice from family, friends and healthcare services to stay healthy, happy and well supported during the first few weeks after childbirth... Every newborn baby in Australia is offered a test for rare, but serious, medical conditions. During pregnancy and childbirth, you may see and hear lots of different medical terms. The obstetrical surgery team remains available, in case further intervention is required. Prognosis for the fetus depends on gestational age and the amount of blood lost, but continuous monitoring and rapid intervention help to prevent neonatal death. A placenta not expelled within 30 min after completion of the second stage of labor. Learn. Sometimes, doctors may talk about “early-term birth” and “late-term birth,” which have more specific definitions. It is a composite of several structures (decidua parietalis, decidua capsularis, chorion laeve, and amnion). The word part that completes the medical term meaning pertaining to after birth (reference to newborn), _______/nat/al, is: Definition. It produces chorionic gonadotropins, the presence of which in urine is the basis of one type of pregnancy test. A placenta consisting of two lobes. Placenta previa marginalis is the condition in which the placenta partially covers the internal cervical os (partial or incomplete PP). Answers: 1 Get Other questions on the subject: Biology. Abortion and after-birth abortion. ectopic pregnancy may occur in any of the following except: -cyesis. post. In a calm environment, the patient is told what is happening; then the procedure of vaginal ultrasound is explained. A placenta attached to the lateral wall of the uterus. A placenta attached to the uterine wall within the fundal zone. Victorian government portal for older people, with information about government and community services and programs. The term has also been applied to a child born after the father's death or last testament. Flashcards. The mature placenta is 15 to 18 cm (6 to 7 in.) Apnea – A pause in breathing. Complications of manually separating the placenta include hemorrhage, damage to the uterus, and, in rare cases, hysterectomy. ab/duction: Definition. Complications of pregnancy. Lochia: The discharge of blood, mucus, and other fluids from the vagina after childbirth. Postpartum: The mother’s condition after childbirth. The patient and family require the health care providers' empathetic concern and support. Postpartum haemorrhage: Heavy blood loss after the delivery of the baby. The following list provides definitions for some of the more common terms. Design Population based, prospective register based study. A placental mass of the two placentae of a twin gestation. The organ that allows interchange between the fetus and the mother. An accessory placenta that has a vascular connection to the main part of the placenta. Reducing maternal anxiety helps reduce uterine irritability, so a mental health practitioner should be consulted if the patient does not respond to nursing interventions (e.g., relaxation techniques, guided imagery) or if the patient's previous coping skills are known to be ineffective. Full-term birth: Exact definitions for full-term birth vary, but it is when a baby is born close to 40 weeks of pregnancy. Vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC): The vaginal birth of a baby after a woman has already delivered by cesarean in a prior pregnancy. A placenta in which the maternal blood is in direct contact with the chorion. Type a minimum of three characters then press UP or DOWN on the keyboard to navigate the autocompleted search results. Synonym: A form of insertion of the umbilical cord into the margin of the placenta in which it spreads out to resemble a paddle or badminton racket. Main outcome measures Main outcome was the relative risk … A gateway to the strategies, policies, programs and services delivered by the Department of Health & Human Services. Often used to speed up a labour that has slowed, breech – when the baby is positioned inside the uterus with its bottom or feet down, instead of its head, caesarean section – a surgical procedure in which a baby is delivered through a cut in the abdomen and uterus (also called a ‘C-section’), cervix – the narrow, lower end of the uterus that softens and opens during labour to allow the baby to come out, conception – the process of becoming pregnant,when a sperm and egg join to form a single cell (alternative terms include ‘fertilisation’, ‘impregnation’ and ‘insemination’), contraction – the often strong and painful tightening of the uterus during labour that causes the woman’s cervix to dilate and that helps push the baby through the birth canal, crowning – time during labour when the baby’s head has reached the external vaginal opening and can be seen from the outside, dilation – the opening of the cervix, measured as the diameter of the cervix in centimeters. Miscarriage: Spontaneous ending of the pregnancy prior to 24 weeks’ gestation. Stitches are used to repair these tears, third-stage labour – the time from the birth of the baby to the birth of the placenta, third trimester – the time from 26 weeks of pregnancy onwards, trimester – a time span of three months during pregnancy, each marked by different phases of fetal development, ultrasound – a scan of a woman’s uterus (womb) and baby during pregnancy umbilical cord – the cord that connects the baby to the placenta, allowing nutrients (vitamins and minerals) and oxygen to be carried from the woman to her baby, vacuum cap or ventouse – a suction cap that is sometimes used during birth to help to pull the baby out of the birth canal, VBAC (vaginal birth after caesarean) – when a woman has a vaginal birth after having had one or more previous caesarean sections, viable pregnancy – a pregnancy that is likely to continue to full term, walking epidural – an epidural that may still enable the woman to walk, water birth – where a baby is born fully submerged in water, waters – the amniotic fluid that surrounds an unborn baby inside the uterus (see ‘amniotic fluid’), The following content is displayed as Tabs. Please enable JavaScript in order to get the best experience when using this site. British wanting to have a baby. birth. The chorionic villi lie in spaces in the uterine endometrium, where they are bathed in maternal blood and lymph. Influenza - Dr Brett Sutton & Prof Kanta Subbarao, Trauma - Anne Leadbeater OAM & Dr Rob Gordon, Back to A placenta that only partially covers the internal os of the uterus. Perinatal: Pertaining to the period immediately before and after birth. APGAR : A measurement of the newborn’s response to birth and life outside the womb. A form of placenta accreta in which the chorionic villi invade the myometrium. A placental mass of three lobes in a triple gestation. Amniotic fluid – Fluid surrounding the baby. Define the word postnatal. Anemia should be treated before and after labor. Need to find a doctor in your local area. A placenta that is implanted in the lower uterine segment. Objective To explore conditions and outcomes of a first delivery at term that might predict later preterm birth. A placenta in which the chorion forms villi. A placenta in which the syncytial trophoblasts of the chorion penetrate to the blood vessels of the uterus. Postnatal or postpartum means pertaining to after childbirth. Braxton Hicks contractions are not painful and do not get stronger and closer together like true contractions (also called ‘false labour’), breaking of water – when a healthcare practitioner bursts the sac holding the amniotic fluid using an instrument with a pointy tip. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Another term that can be overheard both in the delivery room and your doctor’s office is labor induction. Synonym: A placenta divided into two separate parts. That part of the placenta formed by aggregation of chorionic villi in which the umbilical vein and arteries ramify. A placenta retained in the uterus due to incomplete separation from the uterine wall or by irregular uterine contractions after delivery. The condition is treatable and usually disappears after pregnancy, gynaecologist – a doctor who has undertaken specialist training  in women’s health, home birth – labour and delivery that takes place at home, under the supervision of a midwife, immunisation – the administration of a vaccine, often by injection, that makes the body resistant to certain bacteria or viruses, in utero – a term that means ‘inside the uterus’, in vitro fertilisation (IVF) – the process used to conceive a child outside the body, where a woman's eggs are fertilised with a man’s sperm then placed in the woman's uterus, incontinence – an inability to control your bladder or bowel movements, induced – when a healthcare professional tries to artificially ‘start’ a woman’s labour, jaundice – a condition where a person’s skin and the whites of their eyes take on a yellowish tinge. When expelled following parturition, it is known as the afterbirth. pertaining to the period before birth: Term. Synonym: A placenta that remains adherent to the uterine wall after the normal period following childbirth. This may cause rupture of the uterus. Abortion Other names Induced miscarriage, termination of pregnancy Specialty Obstetrics and gynecology ICD-10-PCS O04 ICD-9-CM 779.6 MeSH MedlinePlus 007382 [edit on Wikidata] Abortion is the ending of a pregnancy by removal or expulsion of an embryo or fetus. The placenta consists of a fetal portion, the chorion frondosum, bearing many chorionic villi that interlock with the decidua basalis of the uterus, which constitutes the maternal portion. Spell. A perfect Apgar score is 10; typical Apgar scores are seven, eight or nine. primi/gravida: ... pertaining to sound beyond (that which can be heard by the human ear) Term… The kidneys become able to maintain the body's fluid and electrolyte balance. A woman is most fertile around the time of ovulation, paediatrician – a doctor who has undertaken specialist training in treating children, pelvic floor exercises – exercises a woman can do to strengthen the muscles in and around her vagina, perineal haematoma – a collection of blood, resembling a bruise, in the area between the vagina and the anus, perineum – the area between the vagina and anus, placenta – the organ that connects to the wall of the uterus, that nourishes the baby through the umbilical cord, postnatal – a term meaning ‘after birth’ (alternative terms are ‘post-birth’ and ‘postpartum’), postnatal depression – a condition that affects some mothers in the days, weeks or months after giving birth, postpartum haemorrhage – when a woman loses more than 500 ml of blood after birth, premature – when a baby is born before 37 weeks gestation, prenatal – a term meaning ‘before birth’ (alternative terms are ‘antenatal’ and ‘antepartum’), second-degree tear – a tear of the perineum involving both skin and muscles, but not the anus. trimester noun. abortion – termination (end) of a pregnancy. in diameter and weighs about 450 gm (approx. ad/duction: ... pertaining to the period after birth: Term. long at full term. The information and materials contained on this website are not intended to constitute a comprehensive guide concerning all aspects of the therapy, product or treatment described on the website. In Victoria, you can have two types of abortion: surgical and medication. Fetomaternal organ of metabolic interchange between the embryo or fetus and mother. Food molecules, oxygen, and antibodies pass into fetal blood of the villi; metabolic waste products pass from fetal blood into the mother's blood. This page has been produced in consultation with and approved by: Once you have activated a link navigate to the end of the list to view its associated content. A placenta whose maternal part is shed with delivery. fetus with a very small head. The patient's hematocrit level is kept at 30% or greater. Which term means "pertaining to after birth"? Ask for details ; Follow Report by Jasquinn1604 06/08/2018 Log in to add a comment Answer. 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