Ornament making was their technical forte. A manufacturing unit at Chanhudaro bears testimony to it. An insufficient number of archaeological surveys has been carried out to date on Harappan Civilization cemeteries. Gold from Kashmir and copper and tin from Rajasthan were also brought over here. Search form. It stretches to a length of 219 metres and is 37 metres wide. Although modern Harappa has a legacy railway station from the British Raj period, it is a small crossroads town of 15,000 people today. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Early Vedic Age : Origin, Social Life, Economic Life, Culture and Religion! The Harappan people were dependent on agriculture as the primary source of living. Animal husbandry supplemented their agriculture. The floods in the Indus inundated the fields and left a fertile silt-cover on the fields after the flood water receded. Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro were principal trading centres. Adapt in trade, the Harappan people exported wheat, maize, other crops and cotton goods. With modern technology, scientific explorers have been able to gain significant insights. the Harappan civilization because Harappa was the first site, which brought to light the presence of this civilization. The approximate population of Mohenjo-Daro was 35000. The Harappan Civilization. Chains and necklaces, armlets, bracelets, rings and ear-rings were made for both men and women. The Indus valley population consisted of Australoid, Mediterranean, Mongoloid and Alpine races. The ruins of the cities, so far unearthed, show remarkable town planning, and excellent system of drainage and sanitation of the Indus Valley […] In 2001, archaeologists studying the remains of two men from Mehrgarh, Pakistan, discovered that the people of the Indus Valley Civilisation, from the early Harappan periods, had knowledge of proto- dentistry. Important aspects of social, economic and religious life . 287 peer-reviewed articles from leading journals about the latest discoveries about the ancient Indus civilization, its antecedents and contemporaries in the Persian Gulf and Mesopotamia, during the Bronze Age 3500-1700 BCE by the world's ancient Indus archaeologists and scholars. Equally significant was their exchange-system in trade and commerce. The domestic articles used by the Indus people and the comfortable houses in which they lived show prosperity of the Indus people. This is unique to the earthenware of Lothal. For all practical purposes, agriculture was the principal means of sustenance for the Harappan people. Wheat and barley were the main crops grown besides sesame, mustard and cotton. The Indus people used copper and tin. Structure of the presentation Global civilization’s Timeline Introduction Excavations Phases oh Harappan civilization Town planning system Citadel Important cities of IVC Economic life End of civilization Time Duration of Indus Valley Civilization: As revealed by Radio-Carbon this civilization thrived during 2500-1750 B.C. Indus people were the first to build planned cities with scientific drainage system. In fact the whole period of the Harappan Civilazation is divided into three distinct phases: Features such as town-planning, grid patterns, drainage system, standard weights, and measures etc. Settlements of Harappans with Town planning Harappa or Mohenjodaro in Pakistan Kalibangan, Lothal or Sarkotada in India There from was conducted export, whether inland or foreign. Sources: "Indus Valley Civilization – Culture and Trade." Boats were used for trade through rivers and sea. Both sites are in present-day Pakistan, in Punjab and Sindh provinces, respectively. The copper piece recovered from Lothal indicates that they had a mode and medium of exchange. They had mastery over the proportionate weaving and stitching of inner and outer garments. Here we will analyse the various facets of Harappan economy, particularly agriculture, crafts and industries, trade and commerce. Its two large cities, Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, were located in present-day Pakistan’s Punjab and Sindh provinces, respectively. The discovery is not a result of a particular day but it is a conglomeration of various archaeological findings that has been discovered continuously since 19th century. Most likely, these woven dresses were items of export to outside word. The Indus people used various types of weights and measures. Rich people used gold instruments studded with jewels. Combs, ear-rings and ornaments were also made from ivory. George F. Dales. Yet as per then prevalent length-scale, the main wall of the Harappan granary was 3 0 hands long. Though exact details are not available, that they were not totally ignorant about the system of “exchange” that prevailed m’ ancient times is indicated from the hints about it in their seals and sealing process. Economists refer to a system or network that allows trade as a market.. An early form of trade, barter, saw the direct exchange of goods and services for other goods and services. In case of need they irrigated their land with water from the Indus. The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation in the northwestern regions of South Asia, lasting from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE, and in its mature form from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. The urban nature of the culture of Harappan civilization is reflected in their social, economic and religious activities. In 2001, archaeologists studying the remains of two men from Mehrgarh, Pakistan, made the discovery that the people of the Indus Valley Civilization, from the early Harappan periods, had knowledge of proto-dentistry. The weight and measure was done with stone- slabs of varying sizes. Surplus goods and articles were exported. The surplus produce was stored in the granary. The social and economic life of of the people of Harappan Civilization was systematic and organized. The children’s toys were styled after monkey, mouse, cat, peacock, rabbit, mongoose etc. The social and economic life of the people of Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan Civilization) was systematic and organised. This chapter of the history study material & notes is meant to cover the essential and exam-worthy details of the ancient Vedic period. The button-shaped seals of Lothal are similar to the ones of the Persian gulf region. Therefore, it is better it is called as the Harappan civilization. There is evidence to show that date palms were grown in the area. The town planning of the Harappan civilization upholds the fact that the civic establishments of the city were highly developed. India - India - The Indus civilization: While the Indus (or Harappan) civilization may be considered the culmination of a long process indigenous to the Indus valley, a number of parallels exist between developments on the Indus River and the rise of civilization in Mesopotamia. On some were painted the pictures of peacock and sometimes, alternate rows of circles and squares running to five or six lines. Some other scholars are of opinion that they were from the same stock of the Sumerians or the Cretans. Economic Life of Indus Valley Civilization – The Indus Valley Civilization of Harappan economy was based on irrigated surplus agriculture, cattle rearing, proficiency in various crafts and brisk trade. An Egyptian and Mesopotamian Contemporary The Indus Valley civilization (3300–1700 B.C.E.) were only meant for the ladies. One of the main economic activities of ancient Mesopotamia was agriculture, which largely relied on irrigation for success. The manufacture of these weapons was an outstanding aspect of their industrial manufacture. The urban settlements and great civilization has been ignored by the historian for too long. Prominent among the Harappan earthenware is a cylindrical and perforated pot, used for extracting cheese from curd as per Mortimer wheeler’s inference. It is evident from the discovery of the Indus seals in these areas. Drainage system in Indus Civilization towns was very impressive. Report a Violation. They imported gold, silver and precious stones. These sites, each of which measures more than 3 mi (5 km) in circumference, were once great urban centers, the chief cities of the Indus civilization. Cities of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa were differentiated from other settlements by the large size of their population, complexity of social and economic life, diversity of craft production, and existence of some kind of political authority. For purposes of war and hunting they used bows and arrows, axe and lance prepared by them. The Harappan earthenware were smooth and glossy, resembling the earthenware recovered from Tel Asmar of Mesopotamia. Urban Cities: The Indus civilization flourished around cities. Farming. INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION Shubham, Nimish, Nihar, Shivangi, Gopinath 2. The social and economic life of the people of Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan Civilization) was systematic and organised. A strict control was exercised to maintain proper standard of weight. Harappa. How far trade supplied basic essentials such as food, and how far it was simply a means of obtaining luxury goods, are questions of importance. Town planning is the unique feature of Indus valley civilization. The discovery of Harappa in 1829 CE was the first indication that any such civilization existed in India, and by that time, Egyptian hieroglyphics had been deciphered, Egyptian and Mesopotamian sites excavated, and cuneiform would soon be translated by the scholar George Smith (l. 1840-1876 CE). Renowned were the weavers of Harappa. Length was measured in Ones. The Harappan civilization was located in the Indus River valley. The house-building, the Great Bath, granary and drainage speak of the developed mode of living of the people of Harappa. The cart was the principal vehicle of transport and trade by land. All loved ornaments irrespective of whether they were rich or poor. The Harappan granary proves the point that grains were brought over to it from nearby villages for storage and sale at the appropriate time. Rice was also probably grown. Search . Lothal (IPA: [loˑt̪ʰəl]) was one of the southernmost cities of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, located in the Bhāl region of the modern state of Gujarāt.Construction of the city began around 2200 BCE. Seldom is seen such modem method of drainage in any other ancient civilization. The agriculture depended on rain-fed water. Given below is a detailed account of their industry. The social and economic life of of the people of Harappan Civilization was systematic and organized. The abundant produce of cotton and wool in the Indus region led the people to weave cotton and woolen garments separately or in a mixed way. There is evidence to show that date palms were grown in the area. Home | Extent | Period | Features | Social life | Economic activity | Sculptures | Scripts | Seals | Religion | End of the Civilization: Food: Specimens of wheat and barley show that they were cultivated in that region. They conducted their trade by both land and sea routes. They knew the use of wheel. Harappa is an archaeological site in Punjab, Pakistan, about 24 km west of Sahiwal. In the Harappan civilization the elaborate social structure and the standard of living must have been maintained by a highly developed system of communication and trade. The Harappan people were familiar with many precious stones like agate, carnelian, steatite, lapis lazuli, turquoise etc. Things produced by them were sufficient to meet the domestic demand and the craze for those in foreign markets as well. slowly disappeared and a kind of realization takes place with distinctive regional variations. Civic Planning was advanced and sophisticated. ; It is one of the oldest and greatest civilizations of mankind. The food of the Harappan people was supplied from extensive areas cultivated in vicinity of the city. The heavy stone scales of Harappa recovered from the Persian gulf area is another proof of trade-links. Measuring by hand was also prevalent. 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