after Turner. It shows Ulysses sailing from the island where Polyphemus, a one-eyed giant, had held him and his men captive. A steam engine rushes towards us as it speeds along a bridge through the rain. Sign up to our emails for updates. Well done. "Rain, Steam, and Speed" states emphatically that a railroad train crossing a bridge is beautiful. Now you are getting close; keep searching. Turner, 1844. Wilde, Robert. Designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, the bridge was completed in 1838. We are temporarily closed. Das Gemälde wurde zuerst 1844 in der Royal Academy ausgestellt. Bring back the memories. [5] Structurally, the picture has a balanced arrangement of forms with its firm geometrical elements. Some people enjoy a meal. Help keep us free by making a donation today. Around it, small French fishing boats (‘poissards’) head out to sea. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Rain, Steam and Speed - The Great Western Railway, William Turner, 1844 The bridge is the Maidenhead Viaduct, which crosses the Thames between Taplow and Maidenhead on the newly laid Great Western line to Bristol and Exeter. JMW Turner – “Rain, Steam, And Speed” (1844) Posted on September 29, 2020 Author Ian Categories Art Tags JMW Turner. [2] In the lower-left corner of the painting, we can see a little person on a boat, making evident that the bridge is constructed on top of a river. The Great Western Railway (GWR) was one of a number of private British railway companies created to develop the new means of transport. According to the artist George Leslie, who as a boy had watched Turner putting the final touches to the painting the day before it went on public exhibition in 1844, the hare, not the train, was meant to represent speed. Turner had previously used this type of diagonal recession with great effect – for example, in the dramatically foreshortened perspective of Westminster Bridge in The Burning of the Houses of Lords and Commons (1835, Philadelphia Museum of Art). We are looking east towards London as the train heads to the west. In this artwork, Turner managed to give us an impression of great speed in a static painting, an attribute that made him stand out from other artists. Choose your favorite rain steam and speed tapestries from thousands of available designs. Three white puffs of steam released by the engine into the air indicate that the train is in motion. The animal is now invisible as the paint has become transparent with age, but it can be seen in an 1859 engraving of the painting. The Great Western began running trains from 1838. The train in the center is dark and rain-shrouded, surrounded by a golden natural landscape on both sides. [5] Additionally, both paintings create a contrast between technology and the beautiful, peaceful landscape. Rain, Steam, and Speed - The Great Western Railway. So slight it could almost be an accident in the turmoil of colour and oil, racing across the wingspan of the bridge into the present – a flick of a hare. The art historian John Gage observed: ‘the title of the picture makes clear that Turner was painting not a view of the Great Western Railway, but an allegory of the forces of nature.’ These forces of nature include the rain, which falls steadily but not so heavily as to entirely obscure the view or the gleams of sunlight that fall on the woods and fields either side of the bridge. Turner further emphasises the theme of speed by including two small details. We are looking east towards London as the train heads towards the west of England. [10] These elements create an emotional tension associated with the overwhelming power of the sublime. Joseph Mallord William Turner, Rain, Steam, and Speed -- The Great Western Railway, oil on canvas, 1844 (National Gallery, London) Speakers: Dr. Beth Harris, Dr. Steven Zucker Rain, Steam, and Speed -- The Great Western Railway was exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1844. Instead, he saw both the train and the bridge as subjects worthy of being painted. Photograph: Print Collector/Getty Images . It depicts the Maidenhead Railway Bridge (completed (1838) looking east, across the River Thames between Taplow and Maidenhead. Walther, Ingo F., Suckale, Robert, and Eschenburg, Barbara. Unsere Leinwandbilder des Motives „Rain Steam and Speed, The Great Western Railway, painted before 1844“ werden mit Highend-Digital-Druckern (Canon iPF 9400) auf einem hochwertigen Leinwandgewebe gedruckt. Turner’s Rain, Steam and Speed: The Great Western Railway (1844). [5] Other interpretations say that at the left of the painting, Turner features a second stone bridge that serves as an analogue to the bridge in Apullia and Appullus of 1814, emphasizing that both principal structural elements have been pushed to the edges of the canvas.[14]. [i] It is now in the collection of the National Gallery, London. Rain, Steam and Speed J.M.W. Sie bestimmen die Größen selbst. Both the boat and the plough are examples of relatively slow, non-mechanised activity. Designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, the viaduct was completed In 1838 and in use from July 1839. It’s widely assumed, though it’s not absolutely certain, that the painting shows the Great Western Railway at Maidenhead Railway Bridge, the extraordinary crossing of the River Taplow designed by the GWR’s chief engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel. The publication is available in State, public and gallery libraries in all states of Australia. The scene in Rain, Steam and Speed is of an imminent death, the instant of an action caught by a glance. The engine he selected for his painting was the most advanced type of locomotive of the day, known as the "Firefly Class"; and the bridge it is crossing at Maidenhead was a masterpiece of engineering by the greatest bridge - builder of his time, Isambard Kingdom Brunel. We cannot be certain if this picture was inspired by a recent journey, or if he had travelled on this stretch of track. This human activity contrasts with the stillness of the glassy sea which, like a mirror, reflects the hazy sunlight. Here he uses the exaggeratedly abrupt foreshortening of the viaduct, which our eye follows to the horizon, to suggest the speed with which the train bursts into view through the rain. Rain, Steam, and Speed — The Great Western Railway was exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1844. The mist rising from the water, the rain that veils the sky, and the steam from the locomotive are blurred and mixed, unifying the painting's colors. The painting was first exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1844, though it may have been painted earlier. [7] In the interior of the train, Turner depicted a crowd of waving figures that served as a reminder that the railway was a festive and popular entertainment. Let’s do another one: ‘I spy with my little eye… a farmer.’ The farmer Yes, you are heading in the right direction. All tapestries ship within 48 hours and include a 30-day money-back guarantee. Rain, Steam and Speed The Great Western Railway before 1844 Oil on canvas, 91 x 122 cm National Gallery, London : While in the 'Fighting Temeraire' Turner seemed to deplore the Industrial Revolution, his attitude in this, one of his last great works, is much more ambiguous. Jam Sessions with a lot of analog gear. [5] It is said that Turner, playing on the idea of an animal chase, intentionally chose to depict the type of engine that is called Greyhound. JMW Turner, Rain, Steam and Speed – The Great Western Railway, 1844, detail. [9] The painting is interpreted as a celebration of travel and new technological power, with the railways representing the convergence of technology and natural forces. J.M.W. It is as if the steam train and the hare are racing each other. $3.95 . [8], This celebrated picture demonstrates Turner’s commitment to classical landscape, as well as his passion for experimentation and interest in the modern world. October 11, 2016 ~ jfaweb ~ 1 Comment. [12] Turner considered both hound and hare as the most characteristic emblems of speed, in which the hare does everything in its power to stay safe from the predator who chases it at double the speed. Rain, Steam and Speed Art brought to life. https://twitter.com/faze_raincs https://www.facebook.com/csgorain Born just before the steam engine was … Video is shot in between Hamburg and Berlin. The first, and nearest to the engine is the most distinct puff, while the other two gradually disappear in the horizon. Artwork page for ‘Rain, Steam, and Speed, engraved by R. Brandard’, after Joseph Mallord William Turner, published 1859–61 Turner’s painting, reproduced in this engraving, seems to summarise modernity for Turner’s generation. Name * Email * Website. Christina Bradstreet talks on J. M. W. Turner's 'Rain, Steam, and Speed - The Great Western Railway', painted in 1844. The Burning of the Houses of Lords and Commons, More paintings by Joseph Mallord William Turner, Bridge of Sighs, Ducal Palace and Custom House, Venice: Canaletti Painting, Dutch Boats in a Gale ('The Bridgewater Sea Piece'), The Dogano, San Giorgio, Citella, from the Steps of the Europa, Ulysses deriding Polyphemus - Homer's Odyssey, Research, private study, or for internal circulation within an educational organisation (such as a school, college or university), Non-profit publications, personal websites, blogs, and social media. I have lost my mind. A window to life . It can be seen in an 1859 engraving of the painting by Robert Brandard, who specifically sought to clarify details in the painting. A steam engine comes towards us as it crosses the Maidenhead Railway Bridge in the rain. [7], Turner frequently created an atmospheric tonality in his artistic creations by spreading the paint in short, broad brushstrokes from a filthy palette onto the canvas and gradually drawing forms out of his color ground. The painting was painted close to the end of the Industrial Revolution, which brought a massive shift from an agrarian economy to one dominated my machine manufacturing in the Victorian Era. The image file is 800 pixels on the longest side. It depicts the Maidenhead Railway Bridge (completed 1838) looking east, across the River Thames between Taplow and Maidenhead. The Great Western Railway (GWR) was one of a number of private British railway companies created to develop the new means of transport. Your email address will not be published. October 12, 2016 October 12, 2016 ~ jfaweb ~ Leave a comment. Buy. Ahead of the train runs a tiny hare, a traditional, natural emblem … Rain, Steam and Speed was first displayed in 1844 (hence its attributed date) but it might have been painted a little earlier. The thrilling essence of speed was an innovative factor of life, with the power to alter our emotions of nature, while the steam of the locomotive provided a groundbreaking atmospheric scenery. No hare was likely to outpace any locomotive of this period and in Rain, Steam, and Speed, we experience an exhilarating feeling as the poor hare will surely be crushed in an instant. Required fields are marked * Comment. The train in the center is dark and rain-shrouded, surrounded by a golden natural landscape on both sides. Turner, Rain, Steam and Speed: The Great Western Railway, 1844 (National Gallery, London) Inigo Thomas reconsiders J.M.W. On seeing Rain, Steam and Speed at the Royal Academy, she claimed the passenger must have been Turner. This is part of our 'Talks for All' series. Home; About; Let´s go. Das Kunstwerk Rain Steam and Speed, The Great Western Railway, painted before 1844 - Joseph Mallord William Turner liefern wir als Kunstdruck auf Leinwand, Poster, Dibondbild oder auf edelstem Büttenpapier. You must agree to the Creative Commons terms and conditions to download this image. A steam train speeds along a bridge (probably Maidenhead Bridge over the Thames) whilst a vortex of rain swirls around it. Turner further accentuates this effect by reducing the double rail track across the bridge to a single narrow line. The subject of this painting is taken from Book IX of Homer’s Odyssey. However, in an account told to the critic John Ruskin, Jane O’Meara (later Mrs John Smith) related how, as a young woman aged eighteen, she had been travelling to London on that line during a stormy night in June 1843. The mist rising from the water, the rain that veils the sky, and the steam from the locomotive are blurred and mixed, unifying the painting's colors. The hare isn’t immediately obvious because it is partially obscured by the driving rain. On the river on the left, you can see a small boat and, barely visible near the right edge of the picture, a man drives a horse-drawn plough. I have lost my mind. This image is licensed for non-commercial use under a Creative Commons agreement. A window to life. As he often used new forms of transport, including steam trains, it is unlikely that the painting is a rejection of modernity. Turner’s Rain, Steam and Speed – The Great Western Railway. Even if Turner had not travelled on this line, he would have known contemporary engravings of trains moving diagonally and at speed through the landscape. As in The Fighting Temeraire, Turner contrasts the pre-industrial with the modern. Die Drucke bestechen durch feinste Farbnuancen, großen Farbraum und UV-Beständigkeit. In writing Rain, Steam and Speed, rather than follow a programmatic development of the title I have tried to convey a feeling of wide open spaces and pastoral repose in the opening section. [4] Turner seemed to be a generation ahead of other artists, as he was among the few painters at the time to consider industrial advancement as a commendable subject of art. Hero, a priestess of Aphrodite, lived in a tower on the Hellespont strait, which separates Europe from Asia. Turner.[1]. Previous Previous post: Roman Mosaic Discovered Under A Vineyard. [2] Others believe the animal is running in fear of the new machinery and Turner meant to hint at the danger of man's new technology destroying the sublime elements of nature. Having journeyed all over England and … [2] The painting combines the power of nature and technology to create an emotional tension associated with the concept of the sublime. Speed is most obviously embodied by the train itself, but Turner included another detail – a hare, running along the track ahead of it. Others prepare the catch for sale. [5] Some think this is a reference to the limits of technology. Average engine speed on the Great Western Railway (GWR) in 1844 was 33 mph, but on long level stretches, such as the Maidenhead Viaduct, an unprecedented 60 mph could be reached – faster than any galloping horse. [6] However, the train and bridge, the solid elements of the painting, are barely hinted at, disappearing into the hazy and unreal atmosphere. Thomas asks: "chasing after hares is as old as any ancient rite, but who or what is hunting the hare … The Burning of the Houses of Lords and Commons, The Fighting Temeraire Tugged to Her Last Berth, Snow Storm: Steam-Boat off a Harbour's Mouth, Rain, Steam and Speed – The Great Western Railway, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rain,_Steam_and_Speed_–_The_Great_Western_Railway&oldid=1000619366, Collections of the National Gallery, London, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 22:47. A late addition, the hare was lightly brushed on top of the existing paint, roughly midway along the rail track, and is now invisible because the paint has become transparent with age. Turner’s painting illustrates an oncoming train in the countryside during a summer rainstorm. [5], A hare runs along the track in the bottom right of the painting, possibly symbolizing speed itself. Rain, Steam and Speed – the Great Western Railway ( Regen, Dampf und Geschwindigkeit – die Great Western Railway) ist ein Ölgemälde des englischen Malers William Turner (1775–1851) aus dem 19. In the bottom right of the painting, a hare runs along the track. ThoughtCo, Aug. 27, 2020, thoughtco.com/railways-in-the-industrial-revolution-1221650. The location of the painting is widely accepted as Maidenhead Railway Bridge, across the River Thames between Taplow and Maidenhead. In contrast to many of Turner’s paintings – often full of activity, grand architectural settings, dramatic weather and dazzling effects of colour and light – this painting looks almost empty. Who will win? The bridge opened in … The engine, of the ‘Firefly’ class, pulls a train of unroofed open-goods wagons in which passengers, paying the cheapest rates, could travel. The exaggeratedly abrupt foreshortening of the viaduct, which our eye follows to the horizon, suggests the speed with which the train bursts into view through the rain. We are looking east towards London as the train heads to the west. Menu. A cross-channel ferry (a packet), fully laden with passengers and flying a British flag, is approaching the port of Calais. Steam is represented by the three small puffs emerging from the engine’s funnel – in 1844 engines did not produce the great clouds of steam often associated with steam locomotives. The Cbus Collection of Australian Art website is an online version of a comprehensive catalogue documenting the Collection published in 2009. A steam engine comes towards us as it crosses the Maidenhead Railway Bridge in the rain. October 12, 2016 ~ jfaweb ~ Leave a comment. License and download a high-resolution image for reproductions up to A3 size from the National Gallery Picture Library. The only figure is a barely visible young boy with a shrimping net over his shoulder, who wades in from t... Turner’s painting shows the final journey of the Temeraire, as the ship is towed from Sheerness in Kent along the river Thames to Rotherhithe in south-east London, where it was to be scrapped. Turner frequently painted scenes of contemporary life and was particularly interested in industry and technology. A fellow passenger – ‘with the most wonderful eyes’ – had leaned out of the train window for almost ten minutes when the train had come to a halt at Bristol during the storm. The location of the painting is widely accepted as Maidenhead Railway Bridge, across the River Thames between Taplow and Maidenhead; a place that Turner had been exploring for over thirty years. [5] The view is looking east towards London. Even the hare (a pair of clarinets) makes a playful appearance. [2] In the center of the painting and the upper right, Turner used thick impasto with a palette knife. 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