cardiovascular: Pertaining to the heart and blood vessels. colic: Severe abdominal pain caused by spasms in the intestines or in a portion of the kidneys. apraxia: A brain disorder in which a person cannot perform certain actions, such as combing hair, picking up a pencil, or speaking, even though they want to and have the physical ability to do so. cryotherapy: Use of extreme cold to freeze and destroy diseased tissue. common migraine: A migraine headache without any visual symptoms, such as not a blind spot, beforehand. Sometimes referred to as ADH. acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: Usually abbreviated as AIDS. cataplexy: Sudden paralysis of some or all muscles brought on by laughter, anger, fright, or strong emotions; a hallmark of narcolepsy. Aden/o: Gland. asystole: The absence of electrical activity in the heart. icter/o. cilia: Small, hairlike structures on the surface of some cells. coronary endarterectomy: Surgery to remove fatty plaque that has built up on the walls of a coronary artery. biochanin A: A natural compound found in soybeans that may help prevent cancer from spreading. computed tomography: An imaging technique that uses a computer and x-rays passed through the body at different angles to create a detailed, nearly three-dimensional picture of the body. convulsion: Rapid uncontrollable shaking of the body caused by muscles contracting and relaxing repeatedly. catastrophic reaction: A strong emotional reaction to a minor event. bladder neck: Where the bladder and urethra meet. autonomic nervous system: The part of the nervous system that controls involuntary actions, such as blood pressure or breathing. aerobic exercise: Physical activity that speeds breathing, improves heart and lung function, and offers many other health benefits. calcitonin: A hormone that can stimulate bone growth and is sometimes used to treat osteoporosis. Also called giant cell arteritis. calorie: The unit for measuring the amount of energy in food. ataxia: Being unable to control movement; symptoms include shaking and an unsteady walk. active surveillance: A strategy for managing early prostate cancer in which a man has regular checkups but does not undergo treatment until the disease shows signs of worsening. antagonist: The muscle opposing the major muscle required to do a task. bisphosphonate: Medications, including alendronate and etidronate, used to prevent and treat osteoporosis by slowing the breakdown of bone. annulus fibrosus: The tough outer covering of the discs in the spine. Congestive heart failure referred specifically to the type of heart failure associated with the accumulation of excess fluid in the lungs or extremities. auditory nerve: A nerve in the inner ear that transmits information about sound to the brain. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. abrasion: A scraping or rubbing away of the skin or other surface. This section deals with med terms beginning with the letter "I", and features a medical prefix, suffix and root for each. aortic valve: A valve on the left side of the heart that acts as a one-way gate, opening to allow blood to leave the left ventricle and closing to prevent blood from leaking back into that ventricle. cerebellum: The part of the brain that controls coordinated movement. CCU: Abbreviation for coronary care unit, a ward in a hospital that provides specialized care and extensive monitoring for patients with heart problems. anticoagulants: Drugs that diminish the blood's ability to clot. adhesion: A band of scar-like tissue that forms between two surfaces inside the body, connecting tissues or organs which are not normally connected. allergen: A substance such as fur, pollen, or dust that produces an allergic reaction. It is often used to immunize babies and young children. compounding pharmacy: A pharmacy that mixes custom medications for patients and doctors. angiotensin I: An inactive form of the protein angiotensin. bioavailability: How quickly and completely the body can absorb and use a nutrient. All information is for educational purposes only. This therapy is used to treat pain and various health problems and to reduce stress. cystoid macular edema: An eye condition in which the retina (the macula) becomes swollen with fluid. Dictionary » Also called a migraine without aura. Radiation after prostate cancer surgery may not be necessary, "Awe" walks inspire more joy, less distress, Hormone therapy and radiation may help with certain prostate cancer. inter-: ( in'tĕr ), Do not confuse this word with intra- or intro- . acetylcholine: A neurotransmitter (a chemical messenger that sends signals between brain cells) that plays roles in attention, learning, and memory. autonomic neuropathy: Damage to the nerves that control involuntary body functions, such as digestion, heart rate, and bladder and bowel function. In the words of Heyne's paraphrase: |geminae frontes inter duo cornua, non duo cornua inter geminas frontes. coronary artery disease: A condition in which one or more of the arteries feeding the heart become so narrow in spots that blood flow is impaired or stopped entirely, causing chest pain or a heart attack. cementum: The layer of tooth material that covers the root. adenoma: A benign growth found in the layer of cells that lines certain organs (epithelial cells). arterial resistance: The pressure that the artery walls exert on blood flow; in general, the less elastic the arteries, the greater the arterial resistance and the higher the blood pressure. -ician. atopic: Having an inherited predisposition to allergies. anorectal dysfunction: Abnormal functioning of the anus and rectum, causing constipation or the inability to control bowel movements. treatment, medicine. angiotensin II: The active form of the protein angiotensin, which raises blood pressure by narrowing blood vessels and causing the kidneys to store more sodium and water. asphyxia: A life-threatening lack of oxygen due to drowning, choking, or an obstruction of the airways. The right atrium receives deoxygenated blood from the body; the left atrium receives oxygenated blood from the lungs. antigen: Any substance that the body sees as harmful or foreign, causing the immune system to form antibodies in defense. It is a major risk factor for ischemic stroke. Amsler grid: A tool used to check for vision problems, particularly macular degeneration. chronic: Any condition that lasts a long time or recurs over time. Often called heart disease or coronary heart disease. complete blood count: Often referred to as CBC. Prefixes are key morphemes in English vocabulary that begin words. cartilage: Stiff connective tissue that provides support to other tissues and cushions joints. atherothrombotic stroke: A type of stroke that occurs when a large artery to the brain is completely blocked by the formation of a clot. conjugate vaccine: A type of vaccine made by attaching an antigen (a substance that the body deems harmful) to a protein. cyclic guanosine monophosphate: A chemical in the body that widens blood vessels in the penis. adrenal glands: Glands that sit on top of each kidney and secrete stress hormones. Words formed from any letters in inter , plus an optional blank or existing letter List all words starting with inter , words containing inter or words ending with inter The condition appears to involve a heightened response by the hair follicle to androgen levels in the body. chronic fatigue syndrome: A disorder of ongoing, severe tiredness that interferes with a person's ability to function well, isn't improved with rest, and isn't caused by another illness. coronary spasm: Temporary constriction of an artery that supplies blood to the heart, slowing or stopping blood flow. Causes include an enlarged prostate gland (in men) or bladder muscle problems. coronary care unit: A ward in a hospital that provides specialized care and monitoring for patients with heart problems. antiseptic: Substances used on wounds to prevent or treat infection; they kill or slow the growth of disease-causing organisms, such as bacteria, on the surface of the body. alveoli: Tiny air sacs in the lung. adaptive immunity: The ability of the body to learn to fight specific infections after being exposed to the germs that cause them. atopic dermatitis: A long-term skin condition, most common in babies and children, in which areas of the skin are dry, itchy, red, and may crack. It involves swallowing a barium solution, which coats the esophagus and makes it possible for x-rays to see the inside of the intestine. atrioventricular node: Also known as the AV node. It is the precursor to the active form, angiotensin II. bacteria: Tiny single-celled organisms. capillaries: The body's smallest blood vessels; they deliver oxygen and nutrients to tissues. Using English units, multiply weight in pounds by 703, then divide the result by height in inches, and divide that result by height in inches. cation: A positively charged ion; cations in the body include sodium, potassium, and magnesium. cerebrovascular: Pertaining to the blood vessels in the brain. astringent: A substance that contracts skin tissues and shrinks pores. Often occurs on the surface of the skin. allergy: An immune system reaction (for example, rash, fever, sneezing, or headaches) to something that is normally harmless. collagenase: An enzyme that breaks down collagen. cardiac arrest: The sudden cessation of contractions capable of circulating blood to the body and brain. cardiac catheterization: A procedure to diagnose or treat heart problems; a long, thin, flexible tube is inserted into a blood vessel in the arm, neck, or upper thigh and maneuvered into the heart to evaluate various heart functions. [L. inter, between] Inter means to bury, usually in a tomb or grave. Using English units, multiply weight in pounds by 703, then divide the result by height in inches, and divide that result by height in inches. cancer: A group of diseases in which abnormal cells grow in an uncontrolled way, sometimes forming tumors. Also called C-1. When referring to the heart, shorthand for coronary artery bypass surgery, used to divert blood flow around a blocked coronary artery. Also known as alcoholism. balloon angioplasty: A procedure to open clogged heart arteries. antithyroid drugs: Drugs used to treat an overactive thyroid. bunion: A bump of bone or tissue that forms at the big toe joint, causing inflammation and considerable pain. Quick Summary. specialist, practitioner. Homonyms may either be homophones or homographs: Homophones: Words that sound the same but have different meanings and different spellings. Should adult kids get a COVID-19 test before a visit home? Abnormal levels of this substance may indicate liver or kidney disease. brain imaging: Technologies that allow doctors to view the structure of the brain or see how different parts of the brain function; examples include computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), functional MRI (fMRI), and positron emission tomography (PET). coronary artery: Blood vessel that carries oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle. Brachi/o: Arm. androgen-independent prostate cancer: Prostate cancer that no longer responds to hormone therapy. It seems that even the simplest medical issues have complicated, difficult names. cavity: A hole in the tooth caused by advanced decay. coronary heart disease: A commonly used term for coronary artery disease, a condition in which one or more of the arteries feeding the heart become so narrow in spots that blood flow is impaired or stopped entirely, causing chest pain or a heart attack. For instance, take the word prefix itself.Pre, which means “before,” is the prefix in the word prefix.Fix, which means “fastened,” is the “stem,” or primary part of the word.Thus, a prefix etymologically is that group of letters which is “fastened before” the stem of a word; that is, prefixes begin a word. abdominoplasty: A procedure to remove excess abdominal skin and tighten the underlying stomach muscles. atria: The upper chambers of the heart. bronchiole: A small airway in the respiratory system that connects to the alveoli (air sacs); a branch of the bronchial tubes. atrium: One of the heart's two upper chambers (the plural form is atria). Colles fracture: A break at the end of the main bone of the forearm, the radius. Usually abbreviated as ACE inhibitor. compact bone: Hard, tightly-packed tissue that forms the outer shell of bones. corpus luteum: The egg follicle remnant left behind after an egg has been released during ovulation. CBC: Abbreviation for complete blood count—tests run on a blood sample to provide information on red cells, white cells, and platelets. atherosclerotic plaque: A mixture of fats, cholesterol, and other tissue that builds up on artery walls. The AV node delays the signal before it is passed to the ventricles. artery: A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart and to various parts of the body. Can you supercharge the Mediterranean diet? cyclic hormone therapy: Use of estrogen and progestogen for 10–14 days of the month to relieve symptoms of menopause. aldosterone: A hormone secreted by the adrenal glands that helps regulate blood pressure by controlling sodium and potassium levels in the body. alimentary canal: Another term for the gastrointestinal, or digestive, tract. aorta: The large artery emerging from the heart's left ventricle that distributes blood to the body. achlorhydria: A condition in which the stomach produces little or no acid. aphasia: Difficulty speaking or comprehending language; a common occurrence after a stroke affecting the left hemisphere of the brain, where language is processed. Levels of creatine kinase are tested to diagnose certain illnesses. crepitus: Grating, grinding, or popping sound or feeling made when a joint is moved. For example, pear (fruit) and pair (a set of two things). anticoagulant: A substance that helps prevent blood from clotting. atypical lobular hyperplasia: An overgrowth of abnormally shaped cells in areas of the breast that produce milk (lobules). Anter/o: Front. cartilaginous joint: A joint in which the bones are firmly connected by cartilage, so that only slight movement is possible. amputation: The surgical removal of a limb or other body part. Examples include sprinting and weight lifting. cerebral aneurysm: A weakening and ballooning of the wall of an artery in the brain. cataract: A clouding or fogging of the lens of the eye that may blur or tint vision. coenzyme: A small organic molecule, often made from B vitamins, that helps enzymes function in the body.
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