En 1883, son employeur le renvoya, arguant qu'il n'était pas satisfait de ses services. Wells's genius was his ability to create a stream of brand new, wholly original stories out of thin air. Il fut également le candidat du Labour Party à l'Université de Londres en 1922 et 1923, mais même à cette époque sa foi en son propre parti était pour le moins fragile. À l'époque où il pensait qu'un État-Monde était inévitable, il réalisa également que le type de démocratie parlementaire qui était pratiquée à l'époque n'était pas satisfaisante. [114], His efforts regarding the League of Nations, on which he collaborated on the project with Leonard Woolf with the booklets The Idea of a League of Nations, Prolegomena to the Study of World Organization, and The Way of the League of Nations, became a disappointment as the organization turned out to be a weak one unable to prevent the Second World War, which itself occurred towards the very end of his life and only increased the pessimistic side of his nature. Wells in this period was regarded as an enormously influential figure; the critic Malcolm Cowley stated: "by the time he was forty, his influence was wider than any other living English writer". Herbert George Wells was born in Bromley, Kent, England, on September 21, 1866. Ses croquis ornaient fréquemment les couvertures de ses propres livres. [122], The science fiction historian John Clute describes Wells as "the most important writer the genre has yet seen", and notes his work has been central to both British and American science fiction. He was prolific in many genres, including the novel, history, politics, social commentary, and textbooks and rules for war games. Wells' views on God and religion changed over his lifetime. [87], During August 1914, immediately after the outbreak of the First World War, Wells published a number of articles in London newspapers that subsequently appeared as a book entitled The War That Will End War. His aunt Mary—his father's sister-in-law—invited him to stay with her for a while, which solved his immediate problem of accommodation. Celle-ci joue un rôle clé dans The World Set Free paru en 1914 (en français La Destruction libératrice). B. S. Haldane, who wrote Daedalus; or, Science and the Future (1924), "The Last Judgement" and "On Being the Right Size" from the essay collection Possible Worlds (1927), and Biological Possibilities for the Human Species in the Next Ten Thousand Years (1963), which are speculations about the future of human evolution and life on other planets. Anticipating what the world would be like in the year 2000, the book is interesting both for its hits (trains and cars resulting in the dispersion of populations from cities to suburbs; moral restrictions declining as men and women seek greater sexual freedom; the defeat of German militarism, and the existence of a European Union) and its misses (he did not expect successful aircraft before 1950, and averred that "my imagination refuses to see any sort of submarine doing anything but suffocate its crew and founder at sea"). Get Free NOOK Book Sample. Wells earned his bachelor of science and doctor of science degrees at the University of London. Marriagefeatures two protagonists: Marjorie Pope, the oldest daughter of a carriage manufacturer whose business has been ruined by the advent of the automobile, and R.A.G. Between 1910 and 1913, novelist Elizabeth von Arnim was one of his mistresses. Wells y poursuivit sa scolarité jusqu'en 1880. HG Wells, author of more than 100 books, was also a prophet of the sexual revolution. As a consequence, Herbert's personal troubles increased as he subsequently failed as a draper and also, later, as a chemist's assistant. [95] However, he also criticised the lawlessness, class discrimination, state violence, and absence of free expression. We are a proudly international competition welcoming entries from across the world and with a series of international winners in recent years, but are always delighted to see entries our home in Folkestone and Sandgate too. [107], A futurist and “visionary”, Wells foresaw the advent of aircraft, tanks, space travel, nuclear weapons, satellite television and something resembling the World Wide Web. Ses dessins couvraient un large éventail de sujets, allant du commentaire politique aux critiques littéraires en passant par des sujets plus romantiques. Wells's parents had a turbulent marriage, owing primarily to his mother's being a Protestant and his father's being a freethinker. Une traduction française de cet essai est parue pour la première fois dans l’Encyclopédie française d'Anatole de Monzie et Lucien Febvre en 1937. "Nothing could have been more obvious to the people of the earlier twentieth century", he wrote, "than the rapidity with which war was becoming impossible ... [but] they did not see it until the atomic bombs burst in their fumbling hands". [87] Little Wars is recognised today as the first recreational war game and Wells is regarded by gamers and hobbyists as "the Father of Miniature War Gaming". He wrote in a letter to a friend from the area that "the district made an immense impression on me." Wells was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature four times. She studied at the Cambridge, Newnham College, was brilliant and intellectually gifted. À l'instar de Gulliver lorsqu'il rentre du pays des Houyhnhnms, il se retrouve incapable de voir ses concitoyens autrement que comme des bêtes civilisées régressant lentement pour retrouver leur nature animale. Il fut cependant également l'auteur de nombreux romans de satire sociale, d'œuvres de prospective, de réflexions politiques et sociales ainsi que d'ouvrages de vulgarisation touchant aussi bie… Androgynes, simplets et doux, ils passent leur temps à jouer tels des enfants et à manger des fruits dans le grand jardin q… Wells unmasked", The impossibly glamorous life of this Russian baroness spy needs to be a movie; Moura Budberg counted H.G. Malgré sa réussite aux examens de biologie et de physique, son échec à l'examen de géologie lui coûta son passage en année supérieure et sa bourse d'études. Jusque dans les années 1930, Wells resta convaincu de la nécessité de créer un État-Monde. B. [5] His science fiction imagined time travel, alien invasion, invisibility, and biological engineering. We also follow Jane, his wife, who together with the local doctor hides a young German soldier in her attic. Wells and Maxim Gorky as lovers. McKillop, A. To earn money, he began writing short humorous articles for journals such as The Pall Mall Gazette, later collecting these in volume form as Select Conversations with an Uncle (1895) and Certain Personal Matters (1897). In this story, Herbert, an enthusiastic temporary companion to the Doctor, is revealed to be a young H. G. Wells. It was not until 1890 that Wells earned a Bachelor of Science degree in zoology from the University of London External Programme. D'après son autobiographie, il considérait qu'à partir de 1900 un État-Monde était inévitable. It offered the immediate political message of the privileged sections of society continuing to bar capable men from other classes from advancement until war would force a need to employ those most able, rather than the traditional upper classes, as leaders. Explore Now. Il s'intéresse cependant à l'eugénisme négatif[10]. Il compta également parmi les membres fondateurs du magazine The Science School Journal, un périodique qui lui permettait d'exprimer ses propres idées sur la littérature et la société. Joseph Wells managed to earn a meagre income, but little of it came from the shop and he received an unsteady amount of money from playing professional cricket for the Kent county team. [93] Wells was also one of fifty-three leading British authors — a number that included Rudyard Kipling, Thomas Hardy and Sir Arthur Conan Doyle — who signed their names to the “Authors' Declaration.” This manifesto declared that the German invasion of Belgium had been a brutal crime, and that Britain “could not without dishonour have refused to take part in the present war.”[93], Wells visited Russia three times: 1914, 1920 and 1934. He separated from his wife (who was also his cousin), Isabel Mary Wells, in order to marry his student, Amy Catherine Robbins. Wells... Supreme Court, "How H. G. Wells Invented Modern War Games 100 Years Ago", "1914 Authors' Manifesto Defending Britain's Involvement in WWI, Signed by H.G. Not all his scientific romances ended in a Utopia, and Wells also wrote a dystopian novel, When the Sleeper Wakes (1899, rewritten as The Sleeper Awakes, 1910), which pictures a future society where the classes have become more and more separated, leading to a revolt of the masses against the rulers. The cardinal assumption immediately gives a touch of irresponsible silliness to the other Worlds and the pair married in,. Last December s'il se trouvait occasionnellement en désaccord avec certains autres socialistes de son intérêt croissant pour cousine! As justifications for the British, and absence of free expression a non-fiction book written by H.G '' 1984! Scholarship in 1884, to study Biology under Thomas Henry Huxley at the errors on the handlebars qu'il goût... Are not true for me. affairs with a weekly allowance of 21 shillings a... 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