The good news is: There are guidelines which will make it easier to choose between them. English differs from many other languages in terms of the gender of nouns.In fact, there is no grammatical gender as it may be found in other languages with masculine, feminine, and neuter words. German grammar rules dictate that, whenever possible, the case, number and gender of a noun must be noted. German grammar has some striking differences to English grammar. We can examine German noun plurals several different ways (and we will), but one of them is to break things down according to plural type. Das Problem war für Arzt und Patient verblüffend (The problem was puzzling to [both the] doctor and [the] patient). Over 100,000 German translations of English words and phrases. When you speak in English about a noun, you somehow have to denote how many you are talking about. Neuter Noun : Gender is distinction according to sex. Today I counted the nouns in my word list and looked into their gender distribution. der Mann) OR because its form (usually a suffix, e.g. Neuter: names of colours: Blau, Rosarot, Schneeweiß… nouns that originate from verbs: Essen (eating), Lernen (learning), Reisen (travelling)… tldr; definite articles in German. With this much information, you know that you need the das, dem, or des version of the neuter ‘the’. I don't know the details of how -er and -e nouns differ in overall frequency or in other respects. So, statistically speaking, if you have to guess, don’t guess neuter. The relative type frequency of -er vs. -e for neuter plural nouns will depend on the word list. The majority of feminine nouns can be identified as feminine because they designate female beings or because they end in a … The German noun from the first group will be translated into English as the verb from which it was derived, while the noun, that is not the name of an action or state, but the name of an object, also is a noun in English. Home; About ; Links; Complete Declension Tables. Most German nouns are of one of these genders. German goes them one better and adds a third gender: neuter. Think of it this way. Always try to remember also the main articles der, die and das. Basically, you have three genders in German — masculine, feminine, and neuter — and although English has the same three genders, they play a very different role in German grammar. Not masculine or feminine (and plural would obviously be books, and that’s different). Most world languages have nouns that are either masculine or feminine. In this post we will be looking at the guidlines for das words. The following list you have to learn very well. These nouns are some of the more useful ones that I came across in spring of 2014, as I began to read the German press and put together what has now become a Mega Word List with over 19000 words. As far as knowing the gender just based on the noun itself, a lot of times it seems pretty random, but there are some tricks that may help. There is even ONE neuter noun that is semi-‘weak’: das Herz (nom)→ das Herz (acc) → dem Herzen (dat) → des Herzens (gen) Notes: ‘weak’ masculine nouns do NOT decline if they are used without a determiner, e.g. First, there are three genders in German: masculine, feminine and neuter. The nominative case is used to show the subject of a sentence and after the verbs, sein and werden. Nouns. Just now, I ended up making a huge explanation of German's weak nouns on one of the lessons and decided that I might as well paste it in the forum as well, in the hopes that more people may find it useful. This becomes obvious as all English nouns can go with the articles ‘the’ or ‘a/an’ that do not give any details about the gender. In German, nouns are easily identified because they’re always capitalized. All German nouns are included in one of three grammatical genders: masculine, feminine or neuter.However, the gender is not relevant to the plural forms of nouns. German definite articles "der", "das" and "die" decline according to grammatical cases (nominative, accusative, dative, genitive) and numerous (singular or plural). Why is German noun gender a challenge? German pronunciation, grammar, exercises. In German, the gender tells you more than just what pronoun to use ("er" = he, "sie" = she, "es" = it). Zaretsky and Lange say that out of the 1000 most frequent neuter nouns in the Corpus of the Leipzig University (p. 79), 62% have plurals in -e, followed by 18% with plurals in –er (p. 108). Case - the bulk list Declension of gender: Der, die, das Der Genus - die Genera. Nouns that are not diminutive do not necessarily have to be neuter: der Drachen (dragon), der Kuchen (cake), der Knochen (bone), der Rochen (ray [zoo. the determiner "der". Three genders of nouns are recognized by their definite articles: der for masculine nouns, die for feminine nouns, and das for neuter nouns. We all know how difficult it is to guess the right gender if it comes to German nouns. In the German context, declension is a way to show some characteristics of a noun that you’re talking about. And even nouns that don't have anything related to a gender (like a table or bottle) can be masculine or feminine. There are THREE possible genders in German: feminine, masculine, and neuter). Examples : Joseph, boy, cockerel, buck, footman, butler, brother, father, uncle, he 2. German Translation of “neuter” | The official Collins English-German Dictionary online. Gender […] Oh, except that sometimes a noun’s gender varies according to meaning or even region…. The "hard" case endings are highlighted in yellow in these tables, and the “soft” adjective endings are underlined. Old English nouns are grouped by grammatical gender, and inflect based on case and number.. As of May 10, 2016, there are 23.000 words in my German word list. ]), der Rachen (throat). Well, there are four reasons why learning the how to remember German noun gender can be a pain. In German, there are four grammatical cases – nominative, accusative, genitive and dative. metals are usually neuter). Der Löffel (spoon) is masculine, but die Gabel (fork) is feminine, and das Messer (knife) is neuter. Learn the translation for ‘neuter’ in LEO’s English ⇔ German dictionary. As I mentioned earlier, the number of German noun plurals categories can be interpreted differently. In addition to inflecting their article, these nouns themselves add an -en or -n ending (-n if the noun already ends in -e) in every case and number except the nominative singular. Depending on the noun’s function in a sentence, it’ll fall into one of the four following grammatical cases: The Four German Grammatical Cases. On most computers, CTL+F will search this page for the word you wish to translate. For one, I've noticed most words that end in 'e' are feminine, and most that end in 'r' are masculine. This "Artikel" is also called Genus. In German, it is useful to memorize nouns with their accompanying definite article in order to remember their gender. A noun or pronoun denoting a female being is of the feminine gender. I'm sharing a list of 1000+ German nouns (with English translations and explanatory notes to such translations) that I wrote out from SPIEGEL and other German newspapers. Gender. Skip to primary content. Nouns and pronouns may be of the masculine, the feminine or the neuter gender. I don’t recommend learning words by heart but if you like to memorize words you should never learn just the nouns! In case you missed it, German has four cases. For example, if you want to say the book in German, you have to know that book (Buch) is a neuter noun. Let's take a closer look at some nouns. Note that masculine & neuter genitive nouns have an -(e)s added to them, too, which is very unusual (normally nouns are not declined — just determiners & adjectives). Gender of nouns ending with "-lein" - How often this ending is seen: Seldom - No ending is added to make the plural (das Häuslein die Häuslein)-All diminutives ending with "-lein" are neuter German Neutral Nouns. 1. Nouns denoting a person, such as die Frau ("woman") or der Mann ("man"), often agree with the natural gender of what is described. Most nouns that start with a 'G' are neuter, and any noun that ends in 'chen' will be neuter. German nouns, in contrast to english, are divided into three genders: Masculine, Feminine and Neuter. 5.1.2 German feminine nouns list [0/2] German feminine nouns memory game (Score -/-) Flashcard game on the German feminine nouns (Score -/-) 5.1.3 German neuter nouns list [0/2] German neuter nouns flashcard game (Score -/-) German neuter nouns drag and drop game (Score -/-) 5.2 Plural of German nouns [0/4] Exercise of German plurals (Score -/-) Exercise about plurals with mutated … According to Duden, approximately 46% of German nouns are feminine, 34% are masculine and 20% are neuter. Video pronunciation trainings available. One difference that newcomers to German notice right away has to do with word gender. In the process, I'm writing out almost all unfamiliar German words, including nouns. Learn German online - New: Lesson 2 for beginners online! But there is no rule for the gender of those objects (physical or immaterial) whose names are derived from verbs. German for English Speakers A free online resource Main menu. In German determiner is called "der Artikel". Hello everyone! The case you use depends on the grammatical function of the noun in the sentence. That much we know. Which nouns typically take which plural forms? Every noun has got only one fixed determiner. Lots of audio files all spoken by a native speaker. German noun gender is determined generally based on the gender of the person (e.g. 3. and neuter nouns (das Neutrum). German has all three genders of late Proto-Indo-European—the masculine, the feminine, and the neuter. I have been self-studying German by reading the German press for the past 27 months. The best way to get familiar to the gender of the German articles is to listening a lot to the German language. German declension is the paradigm that German uses to define all the ways articles, adjectives and sometimes nouns can change their form to reflect their role in the sentence: subject, object, etc. With noun/verb tables for the different cases and tenses links to audio pronunciation and … The bad news is: There is no official rule for when to use der, die and das. -ung is feminine) OR because it belongs to a noun group associated with a particular gender (e.g. What gender do English nouns have? In German, EVERY noun has a gender. The genitive (outside of the adding an ‘s’ variety) is not something you will use often (or possibly ever), so it’s not a super-crucial point in your German studies (unless you’ve nearly exhausted everything else). Weak nouns, also called masculine n-nouns, are a group of masculine nouns in German that have a special declension. This list contains German words with their English translations. 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